Category Archives: Architecture

Traditional Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner And Architecture In Taiwan

Meal cult is an important part of countrys culture. Food and drink are the main necessities for sustaining life, and Taiwan cuisine takes a special place among the great cuisines of the world. Taiwan has a broad variety of dishes because of great ethnic diversity. The diversity of cuisines contains 8 principle types: Hoklo (or Taiwanese), Hakka, vegetarian cuisine, northern style cuisine, Hunan, Jiangzhe, Hong Kong, and Sichuan. Seafood is used in all these cuisines as a culinary culture of Taiwan that is simple and light.

In Taiwan people prefer to drink tea or coffee with some sandwiches for breakfast. They like fruits and sweets which are laid in a big plate on the table. For example, when the time for lunch comes, people eat salty dishes such as steamed and chopped chicken, steamed streaky pork with dry mustard cabbage, or dried mustard greens. Besides, they like rice with boiled eggs or fried potatoes with meat or fish. In Taiwan people have hundreds of receipts of dishes with rice and fish. Traditionally, Chinese dinner is laid at the round table in the center of which there is a flat circle on a revolving stand. It is necessary to point out that meals are served on big plates and are put in required amount on small plates by a person. At first cold snack is served, then time comes for hot dishes and only after these dishes the so called principle dishes are served.

In Taiwan people like to eat dishes with rice, meat and fish. In the end of dinner a soup or a broth is served. There is no dessert fruits and sweets are on the table during all the dinner and they are very often used in the principle dish (Bates 2005). Consequently, Taiwan cuisine represents one face by which a country is famous for. Traditional breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Taiwan are similar to breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Europe; however, there are some details you should know about Taiwan cuisine.

Taiwanese architecture is composed of variety of styles. The old traditional architectural model of houses in Taiwan still exists here. However, traditional architectural features of Taiwanese style become unimportant when entertaining and commercial institutions, such as shops and theaters, are built. We should emphasize that modern Taiwanese architecture unites traditional Taiwanese and European architecture styles. There appear buildings in European style, such as buildings of foreign consulates, foreign concessions, banks, hotels and clubs in big cities.

Struggles and New Approaches to Information Architecture

Information architecture is defined as the outline or blueprint that describes how data and information is systematized, ordered, and controlled. Another definition of information architecture says that it is a system of spotting, managing, and controlling patterns in data. This data-handling technology aims to be able to make complex, ambiguous, and fuzzy sets of information, data, and other resources as simple and as understandable as they can be.

According to a business-related site, it has been unfortunate in these modern times that most business companies struggle in terms of the use of the technology of information architecture. Actually, some businesses are having difficulties even with the most basic applications of information. A significant quantity of companies still experiences difficulties in getting up-to-date, comprehensive, precise, and accurate views of the results of the projects and actions they have done previously. Companies now just create proposals for new, innovative, predictive, and analytical transformation and differentiation in terms of information handling and architecture in a diminishing effort. The result of this failure of the companies to value the technology being delivered by information architecture leads to the struggles they experience that are stated in this article. e.

Companies that are struggling in executing information architecture processes need to adapt a new one that suits their needs the best. In choosing a new style of information architecture, they must bear in mind that in the world of technology, the amount of information and data inputted into the Web is growing in a much rapid way. Also, the speed at which information is received has gone significantly faster than before. Data comes in various types, so an information architecture system must be flexible to such variety of files.

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Architectural Evangelist Advocating Innovation In Architecture

Architectural Evangelist is a one of a kind architectural newsletter broadcasting the message of the cause, effect and need for innovation in the field of architecture. It is the brain child of a team of designers, architects, content developers,and technicians. We are speaking to architects, students, builders, interior designers/decorators and re-modelers. Architectural Evangelist braces the change of seasons with our centralized them of spring in the first issue. Our aim is to maintain Architectural Evangelist as a quarterly issue, with news and updates about the business of offshoring, architecture and design; How Tos; creative inputs from design experts, technical professionals and industry gurus; and articles, resources and everything in between.

Spring/Summer 08 design tips for your home
Color, breeze and sunshinethats what comes to mind when you say spring. Design tips for your home that can make any ordinary room into a fun, cozy haven This spring spruce up for a breath of fresh air to sweep through your living spaces with Architectural Evangelists design ideas and tips that spell spring like nothing else can.

Going green
Building and construction have a great effect on the environment. In the United States alone buildings alone account for 40-49% energy consumption, 25% of water consumption, 70% of total energy consumption and 38% of total carbon dioxide emissions. Green building information, tips and trends.

The new face of outsourcing
In this age of competition, companies are increasingly turning to specialization for improving cost and time feasibility and increasing efficiency. With knowledge intensive areas entering the fray, it allows organization the flexibility and provides the resources for the business growth of the organization
How to tip: Choosing the right offshore services provider
To build long term relationships with offshore service provider you need to play detective and find out all you can about the organization first. Heres what you need to know

Management Colleges For Mba In Architecture Designing

A profound understanding of management courses with that of architecture course is essential for bringing forth the best of architecture into the business line. While for the most part, architecture is a blend of science and art, business pertains to bringing this art to the line where its creativity is admired and kept to its highest terms. The difference between potentially good trades as opposed to a fallacious trade-off can only be brought through appropriate management courses. It would be a good practice for an architect to opt for mba courses in order to gain the maximum from their respective architecture course.

Not only does professional mba courses is responsible for helping an architecture major to develop the necessary trading skills but it also helps in giving the person a better gist about the skills that are essential to turn the architecture course into a prominent business venture. MBA coaching classes are often beaming with the necessary skills that could turn a graduate from an architecture college into a prominent business magnate. Most of the courses include detailed analysis of the contemporary practices in the architecture as well as the management industry to bring forth the best of both the fields into one.

A typical business school offering management courses for architecture would include subjects that talk about management behaviour and processes pertaining to it. Furthermore, the course would include managerial economics, as well as the basics relevant to accounting to help architects discover the business potential that architecture has in the current times- things that an architecture college would miss out on. The papers also include managerial communication, the key to impress clientele and increasing the business ventures for the company. Furthermore, the management courses also deal with the business laws and ethics that make a business stand out from the others. It should be understood that architecture is all about the elements of designing, which is why the mba courses pertain to the space planning, as well as project management in order to bring forth the best results for the clientele.

Management would vary as per the real estate projects that come by. For instance, a housing project would require a different management approach as opposed to that of commercial projects. Management courses make sure that every aspect of architecture course is dealt with the elements of management. The integration of management along with architecture comes with equal opportunities to turn ones luck. Architects would require effective mba coaching classes in order to open themselves to the rules of management to carve out a specific place in architecture- a varied and yet a complementary association.

Multisynth-based Architecture

Traditional clock generators use a simple integer-N phased-locked loop (PLL)-based architecture. The output clock frequency is a function of the input clock frequency and the PLL divider values as shown in the equation
Equation: fOUT = fIN.N/P.R
Traditional single PLL-based IC solutions are suitable for simple integer clock multiplication of reference inputs or clock generation from crystal inputs. However, many applications require clock generation of multiple non-integer-related frequencies (e.g., 125 MHz Ethernet and 106.25llMHz Fibre Channel). Traditional solutions require that the crystal frequency be changed to support each unique frequency plan. This forces the designer to use one or more custom crystals and multiple clock generator ICs to generate the required set of frequencies, increasing the cost, complexity and power consumption of the overall solution.

New Any-Rate Clock Multiplier Architecture Simplifies Design
Recent advances in mixed-signal analog design have made it possible to provide any-rate frequency synthesis from a single device. Silicon Labs newest clock architecture leverages a fractional-N PLL used in concert with a low-jitter fractional divider termed MultiSynth to produce any-rate frequency synthesis on multiple output clocks. The flagship of this new product family is the Si5338 Any-Rate, Any-Output Quad Clock Generator. This technology dramatically simplifies timing architectures by integrating the frequency synthesis capability of four PLLs in a single device, greatly reducing size and power requirements compared to traditional solutions.

MultiSynth Technology
The Si5338s low phase noise, high-frequency VCO supplies a high-frequency output clock to the MultiSynth block on each of the four independent output paths. The first stage of the MultiSynth architecture is a fractional-N divider, which switches seamlessly between the two closest integer divider values to produce the exact output clock frequency with 0 ppm error. To eliminate phase error generated by this process, the MultiSynth calculates the relative phase difference between the clock produced by the fractional-N divider and the desired output clock and dynamically adjusts the phase to match the ideal clock waveform. This novel approach makes it possible to generate any output clock frequency without sacrificing jitter performance. Based on this architecture, each output clock can be individually programmed to generate any frequency from 0.16 to 350 MHz, and select frequencies to 700 MHz. Typical jitter performance enabled by this MultiSynth-based architecture is 1 ps RMS.

Victorian Architecture – Where Culture Meet Elegance

The term Victorian architecture refers to a number of styles of architecture, which was primarily used during the Victorian period. These architectural styles were quite popular during the period of mid 1837 to the beginning of 1901. This period marked the rule of Queen Victoria and was named after her.

The Victorian era of architecture, was marked by a number of styles, such as Renaissance Revival, Neo-Grec, British Arts and Crafts movement, Italianate, Gothic Revival, Jacobethan, Neoclassicism, Industrial architecture, Painted ladies, Queen Anne, Stick-Eastlake, Romanesque Revival, as well as Second Empire.

There have also been Folk as well as Shingle Style Victorian Houses. As it is, the names of the architectural styles, apart from their adaptations had varied between the countries. Several homes merged the elements of various styles and therefore are not easily discernible as one particular style. In the United States, highly decorated houses have often been addressed to as gingerbread houses.

Some of the most prominent Victorian era cities include Richmond, London, Toronto, Boston, St. Louis, Louisville, Saint Paul, Galena, Nelson, Sydney, Melbourne, IL, Galveston, Chicago, Detroit, San Francisco, Glasgow, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pittsburgh, Manchester, Philadelphia, Grand Rapids, as well as New Orleans.

In the United States, the South End of the city of Boston has been recognized as the oldest, as well as the largest Victorian neighborhood of the country. Old Louisville in Kentucky is also believed to be one of the largest Victorian neighborhood of America.

Apart from that, Richmond, Virginia is also home to a number of large Victorian neighborhoods, with the Fan and Church Hill, being the most prominent. Church Hill enjoys the distinction of being a place where Patrick Henry had given his famous speech at the historic Saint John’s church.

The Distillery District of Toronto is home to the largest as well as the best preserved collection of industrial architecture of the Victorian-era in North America. Apart from that, Cabbage town has been the largest as well as the most continuous Victorian style residential area of North America. The other Victorian neighborhoods of Toronto include Annex, Corktown, Park dale, as well as Rosedale.

The Old West End neighborhood in Toledo, Ohio has been recognized as the one having the biggest collection of the late Victorian as well as Edwardian architectural homes of the United States. Carroll Avenue of Los Angeles contains the city’s highest concentration of homes of Victorian style.

There is something really fascinating about the Victorian era and almost everything related to this period, continues to fascinate us to this date, especially Victorian architecture.

Know About Iranian Architecture

Iranian architecture displays a class and elegance that cannot be matched with any other style of architecture and design. It is quite distinct from that of Muslim countries. The major features of Iranian architecture are: structural ingenuity basically in vault and dome construction; a skill of decoration with freedom and intricacy incomparable to any other form of architecture.

The pre-Islamic buildings include the remarkable Elamite ziggurat at Chogha Zanbil. Baked brick was used for outer surfaces by the 12th century BC. Most of the greatest buildings were built with a religious purpose, and even in secular buildings religious influences are entirely absent. Palaces were present, and their shapes, sizes and colors varied according to the ruling dynasty.

The first great development of ancient Persian architecture took place under the Achaemenid dynasty during the Persian Empire, from about 550 to 330 BC. There are numerous remains of Achaemenian period, including two palaces, a sacred precinct, a citadel, a tower, and the tomb of Cyrus.

Royal architecture under the Achaemenid also included tombs cut in solid rock, of which the best-known examples are those at Naqshah Rostam near Persepolis. Little is known of the popular building practices of the period, but archaeologists believe that the ordinary dwelling was made of mud brick. After the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, Greek influence, in its late, Hellenistic phase, was predominant in the arts of Persia. Examples include fragments of bronze sculpture found at Shami, and the Parthian sculptural reliefs at Behistun.

During the Islamic period “mosques” became the major buildings in Iranian architecture. Outstanding examples of early Islamic Iranian architecture include the Mosque of Baghdad built in 764, the Great Mosque at Samarra erected in 847, and the early 10th-century mosque at Nayin.

After the 17th century, Iranian artists copied European paintings and engravings, and the native traditions declined. But Iranian architecture still managed to leave a huge impact on the world.

Architecture Animation

In today’s world of instant gratification, Architecture Animation is providing a virtual tour of the property in a future-completed state can be a very intense and emotional experience although it is in the concept stage in reality. Animation usually begins with the panoramic representation of the external features that include landscaping, hedges, fences, roads and exterior surroundings in general. The exterior view of the building shows the faade where architecture, materials and design can be understood. Architectural Animation is a small architectural movie created on a computer. An architectural animation is a series of hundreds or even thousands of still images. When these images are assembled and played back they produce a movie effect much like a real movie. The Architectural Animation project consisted of exterior and interior Visuals to help with design approval. The Architectural Development was accurately shown within the Architectural Visualizations and the Architectural Animation. It is possible to add a computer-created environment around the building to enhance reality and to better convey its relationship to the surrounding area; this can all be done before the project is built giving designers and stakeholders a realistic view of the completed project. Architectural Animation is now a key part in Architectural Project Development. In recent years the accelerating importance of animation in communicating architecture, it can take shape in a variety of ways – slick animated renderings bringing a prospective project to life, a finished project layered with music and a narrative bringing the emotive dimensions of a building to the surface, and even the purely conceptual expression of architecture as an artistic exploration. They represent an animation object of architecture by taking into consideration various geometrical entities and rules. Architecture Animation are made with focusing heavily on different factors like width, height, breadth, lines, surface with curves of building components. Considering in the avenue of film or in current events how time and cost consuming it could be to recreate an event. The architecture animation allows artists to create these events using models, than rendering the models, which provides life into the structure to create a sequence of events. Imagine that you want to make your building better than others in an effective manner. Then you will need something to make you very clear about how to build your proposed building structure. If you have some kind animation of your building well before it gets constructed, then it becomes a lot easier for you to achieve your goal. Animated buildings and animated interiors design for buildings are the best suitable option for you to do this.

World Architecture Festival 2013 – a report

By Team IAnD Photography: Courtesy WAF’13

October 2 -4 2013 saw three busy days of ideation, discussion and critiques on global architecture and design at the World Architecture Festival held at Moshe Safdie designed Marina Bay Sands, Singapore – a venue as awe inspiring as the projects that unfolded within its festive panorama-

The World Architecture Festival opened to enormous numbers (reportedly the biggest yet) with the theme of 2013 bring -Value and values’, -to examine the relationship between perceptions of financial value and the values that architects typically hold about their work.-

Director of WAF’13, Paul Finch commenting on the sheer quality and diversity of the projects entered into the festival, and shortlisted for the final round of awards, said that the array of projects demonstrated the increasingly global nature of the event.

Among various stalwarts from various quarters of the world, Mumbai’s Ar. Sanjay Puri’s corporate project in Jaipur -72 Screens’, was also shortlisted for the awards.

A vibrant, thought-provoking three-day session of presentations of various projects by the architects, seminars and talks on diverse issues that touch and plague the building industry were discussed and debated. Noted international speakers, project critiques and appreciations apart, everyone waited with baited breath as the ultimate honour – the winner of the World Building of the Year 2013 award was announced and granted to the Aukland Art Gallery Toi o Tamaki in New Zealand by Frances-Jones Morehen Thorp and Archimedia.

The four main award winners including World Building of the Year Award were Botanical Garden Australia designed by landscape studio Taylor Cullity Lethlean and plant expert Paul Thompson for Landscape of the Year; National Maritime Museum of China designed by Cox Rayner Architects for Future Project of the Year; and Barcelona Apartment by David Kohn Architects for World Interior of the Year.

As part of INSIDE: World Festival of Interiors, an event held in conjunction with the WAF’13 with a concentration on interior projects, shortlisted 59 outstanding interior projects across the 12 award categories, Bars and Restaurants, Creative Re-use, Culture, Display, Education, Health, Hotels, Offices, Residential, Shopping Centres, Shops, and Transport. For the complete list of awardees, do check out:

to view images click on globalhop.indiaartndesign.com

The Architecture And Configuration Of J2me Application Development

J2ME or also know as Java ME is a platform that is specifically designed for application development to run on mobile phones, PDAs and other embedded systems. J2ME development features an adaptable user interface, which integrates with network protocols and extends support for mobile application development. The mobile applications that are developed on J2ME can be also migrated across various different mobile devices. J2ME application developers create a variety of different mobile applications based on the customized requirements of the clients. They are experience in creating diverse mobile solutions and hence most clients prefer to outsource their mobile business applications to India.

J2ME Architecture and configuration
J2ME comprises of configurations and profiles that allow a developer to customize it for the Java Runtime Environment (JRE). The configuration defines the JVM used and the profile adds domain-specific classes to define the application.

Configurations: The configuration uses a set of core classes and a specific JVM to define the basic run-time environment. The configurations are of two types where one is called CLDC for handheld devices and the second one is CDC for plug-in devices. CLDC is has been developed for 16-bit or 32-bit small computing devices that have limited memory. CDC requires a 32-bit architecture and has at least 2 MB of memory and implements a functional JVM.

Profiles: A profile comprises of classes that allow J2ME application developers to execute features that are typically available on a group of small computing devices. The profiles used with CLDC are mobile information device profile (MIDP) and PDA profile (PDAP). The profiles used with CDC include Foundation Profile, Game Profile, Personal Profile, Personal Basis Profile and RMI Profile.

J2ME Architecture
The J2ME architecture consists of five layers and they are as follows:

MIDP: This is the topmost layer and consists of Java APIs. J2ME application developers use these APIs to create network connections, storage, and user interface. It also provides access to CLDC libraries and MIDP libraries.
J2ME APIs: This is the profile that comprises of a minimum set of application programming interfaces required for the small computing devices.
Configurations: This is responsible to manage the interactions between the JVM and the profile.
JVM
Operating System: This is the bottom layer.