Daily Archives: November 17, 2017

Learn How To Succeed With The Most Difficult Task In Jewelry Photography

In the field of commercial photography, be it in motion or static, every category presents a challenge of its own. With jewelry photography, an object of highly reflective surface (HRS), the challenge is amplified due to its relatively small size captured mostly in close-up environment with shallow depth of field, surface complexity (specular), and limited ways of lighting due to space restriction between the lens and the object. Jewelry photography demands knowledge and experience to overcome the compounded difficulty of controlling reflections and limited depth-of-field (perceived sharpness) in close-up jewelry photography.

In addition to the problems mentioned above, the success of reproducing and obtaining a high quality digital image of jewelry will depend on the equipment used in the reproduction process. There are basically three types of camera systems one can employ:

a. Digital SLRs like Canon, Nikon, Olympus, Sigma with good sensor resolution (6-14 MP)

b. Medium format cameras like Hassleblad, Rollei or Mamiya with a larger sensor digital back (11-39 MP)

c. Large format view cameras like Sinar or Toyo with live video studio solution (11-39 MP)

The purpose of this article is to discuss some of the principal challenges posed by the complexities of reflective surface reproduction, particularly in digital close-up photography. Below I will present some solution to these challenges from the lessons learned and experienced in my daily practice and from my own research as to what is the best, fastest, and simplest solution to an otherwise complex assignment of jewelry photography.

Jewelry surface (HRS)
The most difficult task of all HRS digital captures is jewelry. In essence all jewelry objects are built with reflective qualities of various degrees and can be compared to mirrors. Mirrors are objects with good specular or diffused reflection; that is, image forming qualities. Imagine pointing your lens towards a mirror at a close distance. What will you see? Exactly, yourself holding a camera and your surrounding area. Jewelry objects in essence embody three kinds of mirrors: flat, convex and concave determined at random by the jewelrys very shape. Curved mirrors magnify or shrink images therefore distort the reflected image. Most jewelry objects typify spherical mirrors structured in an interesting relationship of concave and convex surfaces.

Solutions:
Understanding the basic reflective properties of mirrors can be helpful in solving some basic problems related to jewelry photography because of their common reflective properties.

a. Jewelry reflection has no physical existence. Conceal the camera or choose a shooting angle for the jewelry to reflect a controlled surface such as a white board or soft box.

b. The location of the camera/lens matters in terms of how and what will the jewelry reflect. Use longer lenses to extend the working space between object and lens.

c. When light strikes the jewelry surface the angle of reflection equals the angle of in incidence. Place your light source indirectly to the angle of reflectance.

d. The reflection on the jewelry is half the size of the reflected image – the jewelry is always halfway between the reflected image and the reflection. Creating and placing the jewelry inside a large soft tent enables the application of various light sources to minimize and control unwanted reflections.

e. If the jewelry surface is flat and perfectly shiny, specular reflection will result. If the surface is rough, diffused or distorted reflection will result (bending) Place the jewelry in a light zone of several loosely arranged large white panels, and by modifying their position relevant to the object will enable the control of light source there by controlling unwanted reflection.

Overall Sharpness:
A narrow depth-of-field (DOF) can create spectacular effects when photographing insects, flowers, etc., but in jewelry photography if the entire image does not appear in full focus, the image becomes an unusable one. Unusable in the sense that some parts of a ring or bracelet needed to provide useful data for the purpose of presentation will be unacceptably less sharp than other parts. For example, the front part of a bracelet (focal plane of the lens) is in sharp focus; but as we move towards the back region the loss of sharpness becomes unacceptable (blurred). DOF and image sharpness changes with sensor size. Smaller digital sensors obtain maximum sharpness at wider apertures (f:8-f:11) while larger ones at (f:11-f:22). Capturing small objects like jewelry via close-up photography presents a problem since only a very narrow portion of the object relative to the focal plane will be acceptably in focus. One way to extend depth of field would be to take images using a narrow lens aperture. This solution has a serious disadvantage. Small apertures bring more light diffraction, degrading the image resolution. This is one reason why many consumer digital cameras (with very small sensors) won’t let you stop down past f:8, while studio solution sensors are often stopped down to f:32 and beyond.

Solution:
The application of double exposure solution or photo stitching in jewelry photography partially solves the limitations of shallow depth-of-field. The technique known as “focus stacking” is another. Using double exposure when limited depth-of-field is available is a powerful technique to help photograph and present jewelry.

Depth-of-field determines what part of the jewelry has the sharpest focus and its amount. Unfortunately, at larger apertures depth of field limits attention to a particular focal points i.e. the top of a ring, while minimizing details at the shank. A greater depth-of-field would presents all the elements of a ring sharp at once, relatively equally. Depth-of-field is determined by the following: lens aperture (-stop), lens focal length and your distance from the focal point. In jewelry photography, of these three the aperture has the most influence and the least modifiable. Therefore to increase depth-of-field and achieve total sharpness over the entire image, move farther away from the jewelry by using a longer lens.

1. Capture two images, first focus slightly below the ring top, then a second focused lower at the center.

2. Bring both images into two separate layers in Photoshop to combine the two into one sharp image.

There are of course other solutions such as the Helicon Focus. This program is designed to manage the shallow depth-of-field problem in close-up imaging. It also aligns the images that change their size and position from shot to shot. This function is especially important with closeup jewelry photography.

However, the most pragmatic answer to the depth-of-field challenge is the large format studio camera. These cameras such as Arca Swiss, Linhof, Sinar, Fuji, Calumet or Toyo have expandable bellows, tilt and swing capabilities, and are allowing the capture of high-quality images with extended depth-of-field beyond the optical limitations of the lens.

Women’s Health And Hospitals In Budapest, Hungary

Budapest may be one of the oldest European cities in the world. But the city has taken long strides to stay at par with the latest in medical care. Medical and dental care is one of the best and surprisingly cheaper!

Old historic buildings may dot the city but the hospitals are among the best in the world. These hospitals are fully-equipped with latest medical equipments and are manned by teams of medical experts. The gynecology department in top-rated hospitals is favored by tourists who feel comfortable with the look and feel of hospitals back home.

If you have medical insurance, ask your insurer to clarify the terms of the insurance. Can you use it in any hospital in Budapest? If you have a private insurance, you can choose your gynecologist and any hospital in Budapest – should you need medical attention. If you are relocating to Budapest or intending to study in one of Barcelona’s top universities, choosing your gynecologist should not present difficulties.

Women’s wellness clinics offer women are range of medical services that combines complementary and medical care. Hospitals here also offer the best in spinal surgery, cosmetic surgery, prenatal and postnatal care, cardiology, and dentistry. With a range of hospitals available, women do not have to worry about their health and well-being. Language is no barrier as there are several English-speaking doctors and nurses too.

If you are traveling to Budapest for special surgery or cosmetic surgery, it is best to get comfortable accommodations near the hospital that offers the medical service you need. If you need to recuperate in comfortable quarters and the doctor allows it, staying in a holiday apartment would be budget-friendly.

These apartments have the amenities for patients’ on-the-mend, private baths, and an extra room for a nurse or companion. These apartments are installed with ramps for wheelchairs and lifts. Staying in holiday apartment is practically affordable than staying in hospitals while recuperating from surgery or the flu. Apartments are also budget-friendly than touristy hotels and have everything to make you comfortable.

Rent an Apartment Online

Book a holiday apartment online. It is fast, easy, and convenient. You can see for yourself the differently-styled apartments in the different parts of Budapest that’s near a hospital. The luxury apartments offer clients privacy, comfort, and all the conveniences of home with less the cost of hotels. Arrangement for a week’s or month’s stay can be transacted online too.

Health and safety in the workplace in business

Your employer has a ‘duty of care’ to ensure, as far as possible, your health, safety and welfare while you’re at work. They should start with a risk assessment to spot possible health and safety hazards.

They have to appoint a ‘competent person’ with health and safety responsibilities usually one of the owners in smaller firms, or a member of staff trained in health and safety.

Businesses employing five or more people For businesses employing five or more people, there must also be:

An official record of what the assessment finds (your employer has to put plans in place to deal with the risks) a formal health and safety policy which includes arrangements to protect your health and safety (you should be told what these are)

Your employer’s duty of care in practice

All , whatever the size of the business, must:

– make the safe – prevent risks to health – ensure that plant and machinery is safe to use – ensure safe working practices are set up and followed – make sure that all materials are handled, stored and used safely – provide adequate first aid facilities – tell you about any potential hazards from the work you do – chemicals and other substances used by the firm – and give you information, instructions, training and supervision as needed – set up emergency plans – make sure that ventilation, temperature, lighting, toilet, washing and rest facilities all meet health, safety and welfare requirements – check that the right work equipment is provided and is properly used and regularly maintained – prevent or control exposure to substances that may damage your health – take precautions against the risks caused by flammable or explosive hazards, electrical equipment, noise and radiation – avoid potentially dangerous work involving manual handling (and if it can’t be avoided, take precautions to reduce the risk of injury) – provide health supervision as needed – provide protective clothing or equipment free of charge (if can’t be removed or adequately controlled by any other means) – ensure that the right warning signs are provided and looked after – report certain accidents, injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences to either the Executive for Northern Ireland or the local authority, depending on the type of business

Oak Kitchen Designs can Make Kitchens Look Beautiful

Kitchen is a part of the house where the daily chores take place day in and day out. Hence, it is extremely important to make the kitchen properly planned. With every passing day, different types of kitchens are being designed and made. Each of them is planned in a special way to give an excellent appearance to every nook and corner. Besides, it is also kept in mind that the kitchen needs to be spacious. It ensures that the users in the kitchen can move around properly and are also able to use the equipment in the room to the fullest. Using oak for making kitchens can be an excellent idea. Oak kitchen designs can help to make the kitchen look beautiful.

The oak kitchens are made in the best possible way to give the room a feeling cosiness. The kitchen is designed to have the best ventilation systems. This ensures that the room is never suffocating and there is enough space for fresh air to enter the kitchen. Thus, it is also healthy for those cooking in this type of kitchen. Besides, they are the colours of oak that help to give a touch of nature to the walls of the kitchen. These colours can vary in terms of their intensity. While there are quite a few shades of the same colour, ranging from light to deep, different colours are also available for painting the kitchen.

While planning the kitchen for use, it is also extremely important to ensure that the user of the kitchen finds no problem in storing different types of objects necessary in day to day chores. Usually, different types of utensils, pots and other things are necessary in the kitchen on a regular basis. Hence, it is necessary to have different kinds of shelves for different things. Shapes and sizes of these shelves also need to be different. It is not a difficult thing to give such shapes to the shelves in a kitchen made from oak wood.

One of the most important things that a kitchen made from the oak woods needs is a cabinet. There can be different sizes of cabinets in different parts of the kitchen, making it possible for the user to store various things of different sizes. It is always a great idea to have painted kitchen cabinets. These cabinets can help to give a fresh look to the kitchen. Painted kitchen cabinets can be of various designs and colours. It depends upon the choice and taste of the owner of the kitchen. While the covers can be of one colour, they can also have patterns on them. It will give them a unique look and also be in line with the other parts of the house.

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Find Fashion And Function In Designer Baby Clothes

Every year more and more new members are being added to our Planet Earth and so naturally with the addition of these new little tots, the necessity for different things becomes apparent for their survival. So among different necessities clothing is also a very significant part of their requirements. Earlier clothing for new born babies had functional importance but at present parents love to get there babies clothes that are both fashionable and functional. Globally all parents like their babies to be smartly dressed but there are those who want to go the extra mile. It is also true that the kind of clothes a baby wears largely counts upon parents temperamental and financial structure.

Previously brand names were of not much importance to parents but a paradigmatic shift has been noticed among the parents globally regarding baby clothes. They literally look for designer baby clothes for a wide range of reasons and one of the biggest reasons that support their selecting designer baby clothes over the usual traditional everyday brands is because of the popularity of celebrities. And second biggest reason for the increase inclination of people dressing their baby in designer clothes is because designer fabric does not compromise with the quality of the fabric they use as your regular generic brand baby fashion.

These designer baby clothing industries are well-established, indulging top designers roiling out lots of fabulous designer outfits for infants and toddlers and most financial stable parents are ready to pay extra bucks on designer baby clothes even though children outgrow clothing quickly as each year passes that will keep your baby safe and will also provide undoubtedly maximum comfort besides fashion. Some of the best-known baby designers include Baby Dior that offers cotton body suits complete with its signature teddy bear logo; Baby Phat line is a creation of rapper Russell Simmons and has styles specifically for teenage girls down to infancy; and Anne Geddes line offers all kinds of cute outfits including a ladybug jacket, a bunny suit and a rosebud quilt.

When you are blessed with a new baby who is incomparable then keeping it safe and comfortable becomes your first responsibility. What could the better option than to pursue designer baby clothes were both fashion and function goes side by side. Therefore next time when you go for shopping then give a try to designer baby clothes and see how much comfort your baby feels in that cloth.

Fountainhead Essay Scholarship By Ayn Rand Foundation

When thinking about getting a scholarship from the Ayn Rand Foundation, it is important to consider what is required. You must write an essay which is to be submitted by a certain date in order to qualify for the scholarship money. The first prize winner will receive $10,000 in scholarship money to be used for completing their education and receiving a degree. The 5 second prize winners will each receive $2,000. Ten third prize winners will get $1,000 each. The forty five finalists will get $100 each and the 175 semifinalists will get $50 each.

There are three different topics you can choose from when it comes to the essay you write to get the scholarship money. The topics will be related to famous literature and how you interpret it. It is highly suggested that you choose carefully, as the topic you select will determine just how good your essay will be. You should choose one which will be easy for you to write on. Remember that with an essay such as this, judges look for quality versus quantity, though it should still be long enough to qualify.

The judging of each essay will be based on both the content and style of the papers. Each judge will be checking each paper for accuracy and clear development of thoughts. In order to become one of the winners, you must show a profound grasp on The Fountainhead, specifically the topic you have chosen for your essay. It’s a fascinating book about individuality and capitalism that has sparked many debates. You will be required to demonstrate a philosophical grasp on the literature in order to qualify as a finalist or semifinalist. There are four different rounds to the judging process, each of which is completely unbiased and objective.

Until each essay has been officially ranked and finalized, judges do not learn the names of those who submit the essays. There are of course some rules and stipulations which must be adhered to in order to qualify for the scholarship money. There is no application process, meaning that anyone around the world can qualify for this scholarship, as long as all of the requirements for the essay are met. Everyone who enters into the content must be in either 11th or 12th grade. There must be a cover sheet attached with each paper, including name/address, email address, and the name/address of the school you attend. Once you have all the information put together you will be able to mail it in and wait for the results to be processed.

Seeming Infertility Can Be Solved By Yoga Poses

The second half of the preceding century showed a rising number of partners facing difficulties at conception, along with a growing number of women delaying pregnancy until their 30s or 40s. It is a biological reality that womens capacity for conception beyond the 30s diminishes. Thus, many women and couples have learned to resort to medicinal assistance to getting pregnant.

Any effort at getting pregnant can douse a woman with so many anxieties and emotional stresses, more so if that attempt to conceive calls for going through fertility treatment or IVF. Increasingly, physicians are endorsing yoga, combined with the medical treatment. This is to help relieve their stresses, and at the same time, boost their chances at conceiving.

A Harvard research shows a greater number of odds, at least three times more, favoring those whose fertility treatments are boosted by yoga done in synch with the treatments”.

What does yoga have to do with priming up the womans body to conceive and get pregnant?

It is already a generally-accepted fact that stress is one huge setback for a couple conceiving with difficulty . Stress can disrupt a womans regular cycles so as to cause a hindrance to ovulation in women and sperm production and/or motility for the men. Yoga, thus, serves as emotional release, that enables relief of anxiety and stress, presenting more chances of pregnancy.

Regular performance of yoga can 1) increase the couples development towards each other 2) reinforce and intensify their relationship, and 3) grant them the capacity to jointly deal with the pressure of attempting to conceive a baby.

Yoga courses directed at fertility enhancement assist a womans capacity to conceive in other ways. There are postures that are concentrated on enhancing the flow of energy in the second chakra, the seat of creation, the area where the reproductive organs are located. There are also re-freshening postures that guide the body in preparation for conception. These help relax the abdominal region, eliminating tension from the area of the ovaries,uterus and fallopian tubes. Prone postures extend the abdominal area, thus allowing more blood to circulate to the reproductive organs.

There are also poses specifically performed after sex that effectively work on women’s capacity to conceive. The “Vipartita Kirani,” where the legs are put up on the wall, is a common one. This is to make certain that the sperm remains in the best spot for fertilization, for as long as it is possible.

Finally, yoga can correct erratic hormonal levels which may be the reason for the infertility. There are yoga postures that improve gland functioning, which helps stabilize the hormone levels.

There is no one single report that Yoga, by itself, can promote pregnancy. But regularly doing the postures for fertility concerns can greatly diminish the stress and anxiety of attempting pregnancy.

Coordinated medical treatments and yoga-directed programs certainly prepares the body and mind towards pregnancy and increase possibilities of conception, finally making your hoped-for baby closer to reality.

A Dividend Trading Strategy To Maximise Your Contracts For Difference Trading

Imagine being able to leverage your current dividend trading strategy several times. For no more effort you can discover how simple it is dramatically increase your current returns. Uncover the truths behind Contracts For Difference Franking Credits and how to boost your current dividend strategy play. Contracts for Difference are remarkably easy to understand as they simply replicate the underlying share market so that any corporate actions on stocks happen to the CFD. Owning say 2000 HVN CFDs whilst the stock pays a 20 cent dividend means you will earn $400 on your Contracts for Difference account.

Payment dates for CFD Dividends

The beauty of trading CFDs for dividends is that you do not have to wait until the payment date like the normal stock market. Most CFD providers credit your account on the day of the ex-div date or the very next day.

Multiply your dividend by 3 times using leverage

In order to multiply your returns you need to start leveraging your account and CFDs provide this advantage. Most stocks only require 10% initial margin. As a result of this leverage you can dramatically increase your trading returns. For example you might normally buy 1000 National Australia Bank shares and receive a $600 credit but with leverage you might buy 3000 NAB shares, which allows you to earn a dividend credit of $1,800. Its like putting a super charger onto your Share trading account.

Many traders simply forget about the power behind trading share CFDs due to the increased leverage you get. Remember leverage is a double edged sword and words great when you are winning but not so great when you are losing. Always remember to keep your leverage small when starting out and you’ll find you stay within a safe risk management guideline. Many new traders tend to get greedy when it comes to leverage and contracts for difference and severly damage their account early one. There is nothing worse than starting off trading with a big win as your confidence gets to the point where you think this is all easy. Well in actual fact it isn’t that easy as you need to have sensible risk management in place at all times. This actual applies to any leveraged product and especially so with Contracts for Difference. Especially when implementing a CFD Dividing Trading strategy.

Do CFDs pay franking credits?

Unfortunately the CFD market doesn’t pay any franking credits. 100% fully franked dividends simply mean you wouldn’t pay tax on those earnings as the company has already paid the tax. Stock market investors need to own the stock for a full 45 days prior to the ex dividend date in order to receive the franking credits. Don’t let sub standard returns hold you back. Add a Dividend strategy to your CFD trading and watch the increase percentage returns. Step up and build it into your strategy today.

Modernize Your Bedroom With Abstract Canvas Art

When upgrading or redecorating your home interiors, most people emphasize of their bedroom dcor as this is perhaps that place of the house that truly belongs to you. You can change the look of your bedroom by changing your mattresses, duvets, comforters and pillows. However, if you are looking for something unique then installing an abstract canvas art is highly recommended. Your bedroom is a place where you relax after a hard working day. More to that, you wish to avoid all your concerns and want to have a rejuvenating sleep. Hence, for that your bedroom needs to be calm and soothing. This can only happen with the help of the abstract canvas art.

Why should you consider Abstract Art?

Abstract art has become popular in the recent years and it has a great impact on all the modern art paintings. Earlier, artists used oils as the major sources to create abstract art. But today, with the growth in skilled and creative artists, you can even see the abstract art designed with metal and wood materials. This is definitely a great substitution and benefit to all the abstract art fanatics. Today, with these forms of abstract art, you can lift up the standard of your home. Thus, designing your bedroom with the abstract canvas arts will ultimately spruce up your bedroom and will modernize it completely.

Abstract Art forms:

Abstract art is known to be a non representative art which does not refer to any object or form. This practically means that there will be no figure or shape to the art. Hence, only the most skilled art enthusiasts can give a meaning to it. The art is organized in three types of forms. The three forms are expressional, surrealistic and neoclassical. These are the renowned abstract art forms which are used by the artists every time. Installing any form of abstract art will anyway balance your bedroom. But if you wish to decorate your bedroom walls with the perfect art frame, then you should consider all the furniture color aspects. The consideration of your current furniture will help you in selecting the right form of abstract art for your walls. Purchasing the appropriate abstract art will not only complement your bedroom walls but will also set up a balance amongst the furniture. Therefore, your decision can make a difference in making the right investment to buy abstract canvas art.