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Varnishing the Body of a Stringed Instrument

Written by S. Van Dyck

A good violin, viola or cello varnish can play an important role in perfecting the sound quality of an instrument. The varnish applied by Stradivari to his violins is still believed by many to be the secret the their phenomenal sound. Whether oil or alcohol-based, violinmakers prize their varnish recipes as one of the most important elements of the violinmaking process.

Before applying any coatings to the instrument, the white wood can be given a tan by exposure to sunlight for a period of several days to several weeks. Aging the wood brings out the color and visual character of the wood through oxidation and ultraviolet light.

When the wood has received the desired look, the next stage is applying a -ground- coating. A violinmaker may prefer to apply a primer or sealer first. While also darkening and deepening the wood’s visual depth, the ground coating strengthens and protects the instrument even after the varnish has worn off. Many recipes for the ground coat exist and typically this is a tightly held secret.

Next, the instrument is ready to be varnished. Many recipes exist; most consist of sun-thickened oils such as linseed, lavender or walnut oil combined with oxidized resins such as amber, dammar, balsam and shellac. Alcohol can also be used as a part of or in addition to an oil base. The mixture is left to sit for up to a week, being stirred a few times a day until the lac no longer sits at the top. The mixture is then boiled, cooled and boiled again, then filtered for impurities.

Adding color to the varnish mixture can help to bring out darker, richer tones, if the varnish mixture is too light. Coloring agents, or -lakes,- include turmeric and saffron for a yellow tone. Sandalwood and pernambucco bring out a redder tone. The varnish is then applied in many coats depending upon the thickness and consistency of the varnish. The varnish is allowed to dry in the sun between coats. Touch ups can be added if there are areas needing additional coating. The instrument can then be lightly polished using a soft cloth with alcohol and mineral oil and or polished out using pumice powders.

Asynchronous Programming using ASP DOT NET Web API

Want your web application to be scalable, robust and responsive? Read on! The key is to create and code an ASP.NET Web API controller that engages in asynchronous parallel communication with multiple Web APIs, all this without server congestion or blockage of any threads on the server. Be it client side or server side, asynchronous programming has proven to be a challenge for offshore ASP.NET development and it has been relegated to being a job only for . Here, we introduce you to the Task model that marks a definite twist in dealing with more than one asynchronous parallel requests. We promise it will be a lot simpler when you create the API Controller using either Visual Studio 10 or 11.

We take an example of a dynamic web application that requests and procures data from Digg and Delicious RSS sources. The sequence of operations or processes is explained below:

API Controller deals with a query process using a single token. Digg and Delicious are in turn questioned by the API Controller for stories related to the query token. Responses from both the sites are bound into a composite form and sent as a unified response back to the client. Where asynchronous programming comes in is to develop parallel queries to Digg and Delicious, thereby never burdening the threads on the server and optimizing network utilization. The response to the client is simple and is the equivalent of a collection of stories. What you need for creating the controller: dual helper processes for processing requests to Digg and Delicious respectively and then the coding of the actual controller to unify them. For many more of such cutting-edge advancements try GoodCore. We are an offshore software development company and are always primed to extend the best of ASP.NET technical know-how for the creation of your web applications. Being a , we specialize in offshore ASP.NET development. You can hire C# developers or highly skilled ASP.NET consultants from us, who will ensure that your web application is developed under their watchful eyes and translates from a thought to a real app in the blink of an eye. Our long list of satisfied clients will vouch for this claim! Source:

Piano Lessons Improve Kids’ Grades

Piano lessons do a lot for children; they improve hand-eye coordination, focus, and concentration. As they progress and improve, the classes also instill in them a sense of accomplishment and help them develop a love for music and the arts.

They also help the kids do well in school. In the mid to late nineties, much research was conducted on this topic. One such study revealed its results in the Neurological Research, February 1997 issue.

Dr. Frances Rauscher, psychologist, collaborated with physicist, Dr. Gordon Shaw in a study of pre-schoolers and the effect of music on spatial intelligence. One group was given piano lessons and there were two other control groups who were not.

At the end of their research, Rauscher and Shaw discovered that the children who took the classes scored more than 30% higher than the control groups in math and science tests. It is interesting that learning the arts can positively affect performance in the sciences like math, engineering, and other problem-solving curriculum.

Other similar tests show that kids who take piano lessons score high in IQ tests and generally do better in math and sciences, particularly in abstract reasoning. These studies suggest that there is a correlation between the development and stimulation of neural pathways and listening to music, learning, or playing it.

It may even be beneficial to children with developmental conditions such as autism. It offers them an outlet for expression that they may not have otherwise. Of course, it would take a very special teacher for it to work out.

This is a great argument for getting your kids interested in music and fostering a love for creating it through piano classes. You don’t even have to tell them that the training is good for them.

While it may not make your child a genius, there is enough proof that learning to play the instrument will help your child. It is better to start as early as possible, but all hope is not lost for teens and adults. Rauscher and Shaw also noted an improvement in spatial reasoning among college students who simply listened to piano music.

So, while most of the benefits occur early on while the brain is still developing those neural pathways, learning to play an instrument benefits everyone.

But, if you want to give your child a head-start in life, find the right instructor and sign her up. It can be a very positive experience for him/her. She may even turn into a great concert pianist or, if his/her skills aren’t that great, she may still become an engineer or a scientist.

If you want to improve the concentration of your kid through enrolling him/her for piano lessons Kenner Louisiana based premier establishment for piano services can be the best choice. Enjoy the programs designed for all levels of students. For more details, visit

Degrees in Computer Science

Degrees in computer science prepare students for some of the highest paying jobs that are most in demand. This educational path isnt for just anyonethe coursework will often be tough and the jobs you qualify for after getting your degree will be challenging. But if you have a knack for computer technology and the passion to continue working even when your studies get difficult, this could be the ideal type of program for you. There are many computer science programs to choose from at traditional colleges, online universities and technical/vocational schools. Whatever option you choose there are a few things you can expect to encounter during your education.

If you want a wide range of career options, youll want to earn a bachelors degree in computer science rather than a certificate, diploma or associates degree. Before you embark on this lengthy educational path its important to understand what youre getting into. There will be significant math requirements including calculus and trigonometry classes, for starters, so if youre not good with math, then this might not be the degree choice for you. You will also need to complete general education courses in subjects such as English, history, biology and humanities before you can complete the BS requirements of most accredited colleges.

Once you are in the upper division of your computer science degree program you will take your core classes, including computer theory classes that cover basic computer concepts, history and theory. You will take several computer language and programming courses during your degree program; in fact, these lab and project-rich courses will make up the bulk of your computer science education. Its crucial that you devote yourself to learning the programming languages such as C#, Java, PHP and others. You may also need to take some data theory and/or database classes, which may be lab-based, project-rich or lecture-style.

Earning degrees in computer science really pays off in this day and age. You can expect to begin working in the field not long after earning your degree with a starting salary upwards of $50,000, and the potential to earn much more with experience and merit.

Institutions offering quality programs in Computer Science include Argosy University, DeVry University, ITT Technical Institute and Kaplan College.

Find the perfect Computer School or Computer College today and start your path to a rewarding career.

Mr Pets Online Pet Store – Pet Health And Happiness At Affordable Prices

We are just as dedicated to your pets health and happiness as you are – and that is why we deliver pet care products at affordable prices quickly and directly to your door-step.

Sharing our wisdom

Owned and run by vets, we are committed to providing our customers with top notch customer service and the highest quality pet supplies and products out on the market. You can trust us because we care as much as you do.

Mr Pets was set up by a practising veterinary surgeon who regularly saw animals suffering simply because in today’s unfavourable economic times, pet owners could not afford effective flea and worm treatments.

Affordable prices

So as to put an end to this suffering, Mr Pets began to supply quality products including Frontline and Drontal, at a fraction of high street and veterinary prices. We only sell products we would use ourselves, and avoid cheap, money wasting flea and worm treatments often found in supermarkets, and notorious for actually being harmful to pets.

In pursuit of pet happiness, we only stock trusted, leading brands such as Frontline, Drontal and Advantage. And because we are linked to a chain of veterinary practices based in the West Midlands, we are also able to dispense prescription medicines. So if your pet has an on-going medical problem that requires regular treatment, we’re sure we’ll be able to offer a more cost effective solution. On top of this, sound veterinary advice is always on hand from one of our fully trained staff members.

Here’s to Health and Happiness

Because we know there is more to a pet’s happiness than a clean bill of health, we also stock fun and industry-leading pet toys such as Kong and Nina Ottosson. On top of this, keeping a smile on your pets face and their bellies full with nutritious food, we also have a tasty range of foods from Hills, Royal Canin and James Wellbeloved.

We aim to offer all you’re looking for a long, healthy life with your favourite companion – without breaking the bank. So why not browse our website to pick up your cats next flea treatment, or treat your pooch to a brand new toy.

Lambda Expressions Backported to Java 7, 6 and 5

Do you want to use lambda expressions already today, but you are forced to use Java and a stable JRE in production? Now that’s possible with Retrolambda, which will take bytecode compiled with Java 8 and convert it to run on Java 7, 6 and 5 runtimes, letting you use lambda expressions andmethod references on those platforms. It won’t give you the improved Java 8 Collections API, but fortunately there are multiple alternative libraries which will benefit from lambda expressions.

Behind the Scenes

A couple of days ago in a café it popped into my head to find out whether somebody had made this already, but after speaking into the air, I did it myself over a weekend.

The original plan of copying the classes from OpenJDK didn’t work (LambdaMetafactory depends on some package-private classes and would have required modifications), but I figured out a better way to do it without additional runtime dependencies.

Retrolambda uses a Java agent to find out what bytecode LambdaMetafactory generates dynamically, and saves it as class files, after which it replaces the invokedynamic instructions to instantiate those classes directly. It also changes some private synthetic methods to be package-private, so that normal bytecode can access them without method handles.

After the conversion you’ll have just a bunch of normal .class files – but with less typing.

P.S. If you hear about experiences of using Retrolambda for Android development, please leave a comment.

Incredible Wedding Gowns From One Of The Top Dress Designers

If youre in the know on wedding gowns and designers, then you probably know the name of Reem Acra. Since 1995, she has been known as one of the premiere wedding gown designers in the world, using that platform to branch out into many other areas of fashion.

Acra was born in Lebanon, and studied her craft in both Paris, at Esmod Ecole de Mode of Design, and New York, at the Fashion Institute of Technology. She won many designing awards at both schools, launching her into a fashion career.

It pays to have friends in high places. After a friend wore one of her early bridal designs at her wedding, and the attention it received helped her start her own company in 1995, and she launched her first bridal designs in 1997. Her fashion house in Manhattan is known as one of the top bridal salons in the world.

Acras style is renowned for her use of embroidery, which sets her apart from most other wedding gown designers, along with intricate beading and the use of a lot of silk. She loves rich colors and anything handmade, and one can easily tell that she loves fashion. Her fashion is sometimes considered the opposite of Vera Wangs in that she tends to be more traditional with modern flare, whereas Vera Wang starts off modern then adds touches of tradition on the back end.

One of her most popular bridal lines uses small Swarovski crystals and seed pearls to perfection. Because of the intricacy of her designs, wedding dresses can take longer to make, which of course means theyll generally cost more. Her prices usually start around $4,000.00 and go up from there, and even resale values of preowned dresses often go for over $3,000.

Reem Acras wedding gowns have been worn by many top celebrities. Some of the names include Marcia Cross, Star Jones, Jennie Garth and Katey Sagal. Her other designs have been popular with actresses such as Halle Berry, Jennifer Lopez and Angelina Jolie.

Strangely enough, Acra is also well known for creating a specialty wedding dress design for Barbie, which, at around $180, was the most expensive Barbie accessory in history, but also one of the most sought after items.

At her live bridal show in April 2009, she exhibited a bridal line that she stated was fairy tale inspired, with wedding dresses having names like Rapunzel, Sleeping Beauty, Snow White and Rumpelstiltskin, a gown which was embroidered with whimsical flowers, and Cinderella, which was a pale blue silk with gold silkscreened embellishments.

Reem Acra is a designer with a great flair and an eye for both color and detail. Its no wonder that shes one of the top wedding gown designers in the world today.

Music supervisors to supervise instrumental music

Instrumental music is a form of music where the lyrics are absent. Various instruments are used to highlight the same and additional sounds are attached to make the whole package lively. There are music supervisors who make sure that the final execution is perfect for the industry. This form of music was present from the very beginning but with more advanced technologies things have changed a lot. Previously most of the work was done manually and a number of artists were invited to do the same. Now with the upgraded technologies, it is done without the above mentioned requirements. Also the overall cost regarding a whole project is reduced. The job of music supervisors are plenty. Depending on the requirements he/she chooses, negotiates, mixes and deals with different personnel. He/she is also in charge of all the people working under him/her. The proper execution is dealt by him/her as well. If the instrumental music is associated with any TV or radio commercial, then it is his/her job to finalize the deal properly.

To become such a talented person, you must gain knowledge in every form of music. The industry demands a lot. So, the more you offer it is better in the future. Apart from learning music from reputed sources, it is important for you to pass from a renowned institute. The quality of work is very important here as numbers of people will depend on you.ou.

In case you are a composer the best way to enter the world of commercials is through music supervisors. As he/she will select your composition, you need to create a good relationship with him/her. There are two end results after you meet with him/her. The first is acceptance and the second is rejection. Some of these professionals have strong circles within the industry. If you can take this advantage, the future is bright.

There are various categories of this form of music. These are Solo, Chamber and Orchestra. The first one deals with a single musical instrument especially a piano. The second is where 2 to 5 musicians are playing a variety of instruments. The third deals with a big gang of players playing different instruments. There are various colleges and institutions where these types are taught and you can be a part of it. instrumental music is in huge demand but requirements for music supervisors are increasing as per the market demand.

Simple Toaster Oven Recipes

These toaster oven appliances are now indispensable part of our kitchen scene. The simple electric toaster has capacity for baking toasts only. When it is combined with oven functions you get this toaster oven. This toaster oven appliance is really very versatile. With the help of this toaster oven it is possible to cook your meals. This toaster oven will save lot of energy and space in your kitchen. It is useful for small item broiling also. You can cook chicken pieces of small size in these toaster ovens. It is however difficult to determine what should constitute to be simple toaster oven recipes.

There are lot many cooking related websites on the internet. You can get easy to cook recipes. You can get healthy recipes. You can get diabetic cooking recipes.
There are different types of toaster oven recipes available on these websites. But what constitutes simple is difficult to define. The simple word can be used regarding the way you are going to cook. It can be about the steps involved in this type of cooking in toaster oven recipes. It can be about how much time you will require for cooking a particular toaster oven recipe. You can find depending upon your choice as many simple toaster oven recipes as you want.

is an interesting website. This is forum. The users have given their own toaster oven recipes in this thread. Let us try to find out some of these simple toaster oven recipes from these forum posts. Let us review first webpage.

There is first recipe chosen by me as simple toaster oven recipe called as three minute chocolate cake. It is obvious that this recipe chosen simply because it will require very less time to prepare this three minute chocolate cake. As the people are health conscious they have given approximate values of different constituents per serving. Carbs per serving are 5.5 grams. You get about two grams of fiber and one gram of sugar. The website link is given where you can get all the details of this recipe.

There is another simple toaster oven recipe here. It is called as stuffed mushroom.
Marcela has posted this simple toaster oven recipe. It will take you five minutes time to prepare this stuffed mushroom dish. They have mentioned that it is easy to make this dish. The details are available on the website link given in the post. If it takes twenty minutes to prepare a dish, will you call it simple toaster oven dish? If the answer to this question is yes then this bacon and cheese stuffed mushroom dish is for you. The process is same for any number of mushrooms. The servings will depend upon what numbers of mushrooms you are going to take. There are lot any other interesting simple toaster oven recipes posted by different members in this forum thread.

Linus Orakles

Benefits Of Using Home Internet Forums

One of the best things you can do for your home internet business is to participate in internet home business forums. The main purpose of posting in these forums is to participate and share useful information to other members but an added side benefit is advertising for your own company.

Below is a list of benefits of participating in forums:

1. You will be given a signature file that you will be able to place what you want in. One of the best ways to get traffic to your site is to paste a back link inside your signature that brings people to your internet home business site.

2. Depending on the forum, such as Warrior, you are able to place special offers into a section on the forum. Members of forums like this are able to place special offers that other members, who are highly targeted marketers, will be able to see.

3. By sharing useful information and honest tips in these internet home business forums you will begin to brand your name. The more you do this the better reputation you will gain and those on the internet will begin to be aware of your name, which is a big help in promoting your home internet business. In most cases, participating in forums is a much better way to market yourself than article marketing because of the interaction. The interaction helps you develop relationships with people who then visit your site and will then spread your name to other marketers.

4. One of the biggest benefits is it gives you access to other internet home business marketers who have developed their business. These marketers have spent years teaching themselves and have built their business from the ground up and most of them are willing to share their success with you by explaining how they have done it.

5. If you ever need help or have questions that you are unable to answer you just need to type them into the forums and someone will help you. There are rarely a time that there is someone who is unwilling to help you.

The benefits of posting on internet home business forums are undeniable. You are able to spread your name throughout the internet, get help from experienced internet marketers, and provide and receive information. With all of the benefits there really is no good reason why you are not on a home internet business forum right now.