Doomsday Cults – Jim Jones and the People’s Temple

The mass suicide in Jonestown, Guyana on November 18th 1978 was the largest civilian loss of American lives, apart from those lost in natural disasters, of modern times, that is until 9/11. Known correctly as the stown massacre, in all, nine hundred and eighteen people died in this tragic event, in the settlement itself, in the capital Georgetown and also at a nearby airstrip.

Jim Jones, leader of the cult, founded the People’s Temple in Indiana in the mid 1950’s. Unlike many cults, it had a political rather than a religious aspect, and was dedicated to the establishment of extreme socialism. And unlike many cult leaders, Jim Jones was to some extent an establishment figure, associating with high ranking members of the US government and at one time being appointed Chairman of the San Francisco Housing Commission.

During the 1970’s Jones moved his headquarters from Indiana to San Francisco. Indiana had not welcomed his integrationist views, and California had a more liberal climate in which Jones could operate.

Jim Jones views and methods were under examination and attack in the US, so he sought a more congenial place to establish his People’s Temple Agricultural Project, or Jonestown as it became known. Jones settled upon the country of Guyana, which was very amenable to his socialist views and appeared to provide a safe haven.

He and his followers began to build a community in the jungle. The small country was overwhelmed by the mass immigration of five hundred followers, and it is undoubtedly the case that there was rampant bribery by Jones to allow him to import the arms and drugs which he required. Jonestown was run along pure communist lines, and required communal living and complete equality. The model was of North Korea, the Soviet Union and Cuba, with intense restriction on personal freedom, including the inability of residents to leave.

Jim Jones was clearly a charismatic personality, as he seems to have been able to pull the wool over the eyes of many people, including the government of Guyana. By the late 1970’s, with investigative journalists hot on his trail, Jones himself moved to Jonestown, along with more migrants, and the population rose to close on a thousand. The land was very poor, and sustainability wasn’t possible. When Jones arrived, the overcrowding created pressure on the community, and this was coupled with a harsh new regime, based on the Korean model of eight hours work, eight hours study. (For study, read brainwashing.) Jones broadcast his incoherent thoughts around the compound night and day, making it difficult even to sleep.

Jonestown was hot, overcrowded, and married couples were forced to live apart. Food was meager, and work was the norm. Punishments close to torture for men, women and children were meted out to those who didn’t toe the Jones’ line. Many people became sick with dysentery and similar illnesses due to the poor hygiene of the settlement.

Eventually, people began to want to leave, and their plight was brought to the attention of Congressman Leo Ryan of Northern California, who eventually visited Jonestown and tried to take some people back to the US with him. Jones, by this time sick, abusing drugs and behaving with more than usual paranoia, ordered them to be killed. This killing took place at a local airstrip.

Fearing that the wrath of the US would be called down upon his organization, Jim Jones decided that the only escape was mass suicide. He convinced his followers that they would otherwise be subjected to torture, and a better place awaited them. A cocktail of cyanide, grape juice and Valium was prepared in vats, and people came forward to take the deadly mixture. Mothers gave the poison to their babies, then drank it themselves. Nine hundred and nine people committed suicide that day, including Jones, who shot himself � a much easier death that cyanide poisoning. Other cult members living in the capital Georgetown were instructed to kill themselves, and did so. A few people escaped, and lived to tell the tale.

The People’s Temple seems to have been less a Doomsday cult than a political experiment gone wrong. The Jonestown massacre was instigated by fear of reprisals more than by hope for a better world beyond the grave. Although Jones styled himself Reverend, there is little real evidence of religious belief or practices in the cult. Cult is certainly was, with strong elements of brainwashing and leader worship. There is no doubt that Jones was deluded at best, and wicked at worst.

Wedding Photography Glasgow Is Very Famous

In a persons life wedding holds a very important place. Its a very precious and memorable moment in ones life. Everyone wants to celebrate that moment and gives grand party. The locations are set for the party and relatives and friends are invited to be a part of your happiness. If one wants to arrange the wedding at a very royal location which has cultural values then Glasgow is the best place for you. This city is very attractive and is very lively kind of city and many couples wish to marry at this place because of its beautiful location and aesthetic value. The best feature which attracts people over here is that here the best kind of wedding photography Glasgow is very famous.

Glasgow city is very lovely and attractive place. It is the largest city in Scotland is Glasgow only. This city is very well known in the United Kingdom. This city is on the west of river Clyde. It is a very well known city in the British Empire. A wedding photographer Glasgow provides very beautiful wedding pictures with very nice and beautiful backgrounds that look very royal.

If one is willing to have a Scottish wedding then Glasgow is the best place for it. If you are planning to marry over here then dont forget to hire a wedding photographer as wedding photographers Glasgow are very high on demand and are booked on a large scale. These photographers are very renowned. This place is very famous for the wedding purpose so you can plan your wedding over here and can get the best photographers too.

You should have all the information regarding everything over here like the place, photographers, facilities, etc. This place is also famous for its wonderful castles and cherished hotel avenues. A wedding photographers Glasgow can get you a nice place to have wedding. By this you will get a very nice place for your wedding purpose.

The photography at this place is very theatrical and vivid and gives very beautiful atmosphere to the wedding. Because of this reason wedding photography Glasgow is very famous. For hiring them you can go online and can see the work done by them and can choose the one you want. You can also take suggestions from your relatives and friends.

There are many famous photographers that fare in Glasgow. These are like Trinity photographers, NDK photographers, etc. The photographers provide colored pictures with very fine quality and the full coverage of the wedding are done. Various types of packages are offered depending upon the requirement of the ceremony. You can discuss all the costs required in it and if possible you may get some exiting discounts.

A wedding photographer Glasgow makes your wedding wonderful by capturing all the moments. Wedding is very precious in our life and these precious moments can be captured because of these wedding photographers. The photographers over here are very creative and passionate about their work. These photographers use modernize equipments for their work. So you should go for it.

Fine art photography for sale Tricks to crack the best deal

Incase you are looking around for a good opportunity to show your art designing talent to the world, this becomes really important for you to select the right gallery and post your art works in them.

There are several galleries offering top standard of service as per the requirements of clients and you need to select the right one in order to meet your needs. When your main aim is to find out the right fine art photography for sale offer in the gallery, you need to browse all promotional offers provided by the service provider.

In order to meet the requirements of clients as well as to make their gallery popular, there are some galleries offering exclusive service to the customers. Selecting such gallery as your selling platform can be a smart choice for you. There are certain factors that you need to bear in mind while visiting a good gallery in your city.

While visiting a particular gallery, you need to check its reputation and quality of service offered by it. When the reputation of gallery isn’t good, you can’t get the right quality of art work from it. If you want to sell your unique art work in return of money, it is also important for you that you post your photography in the right gallery. You can look around for fine art photography for sale deals available out there. This would help you to decide whether this is the right platform for you or not. Whether you are looking around for a modern piece of work or traditional, visiting the right gallery can help you to meet your desire.

There are several benefits of selecting online over offline gallery because it would help you to get few additional services. By visiting the right gallery, you always get a chance to pick the right piece of work after comparing the features and price. This might not be a smart option to visit an offline gallery in your city. When you are looking for a unique piece of art work as per your preferred color, design and theme, this is quite important that you step into the best gallery in your city.

There are different varieties of art works available out there with diverse color and design. This might be a challenging task for you to select the right item from the list of options. While searching for fine art photography for sale deal, you need to have proper information about the types of art works available in stores or galleries. Conservative art pieces are into huge demand these days as many individuals want to place it in their house or business unit. You can also purchase such art work for your home.

Painting Your Wicker Furniture

After a couple of years, you are bound to require a repainting or retouch for your wicker furniture. Before you start working on your expensive and antique pieces, make sure you practice on a piece of cheap garden furniture first.

Here are simple guidelines to getting the perfect finish to your repainting project:

1.Prepping Your Furniture

Before you start repainting your outdoor furniture, you need to make sure you get rid of all flaking paint with the help of a flat-head screw driver blade or paint scraper. Make sure that you are not damaging the strands or the weaves of your Wicker Furniture.

One can also remove paint flakes by spraying the pieces with a high pressure car wash hose. Remember to control the pressure such that it does not weaken the glued joints and damage the rattan reed.

2.Using Primer

After your furniture is completely dried off, use a natural bristle brush to apply two coats of oil-based wood primer to avoid absorption of the final coat of paint. This stage is especially crucial in case you are choosing to change the shade of your furniture.

After the drying of the primer, now apply two light coats of oil-based paint.

3.Picking the Correct Type of Paint

It is strongly recommended that you pick a paint type which holds on to the wicker easily, remains flexible and is robust. Oil based outdoor house paints are the best available options. Many people choose to use latex to paint their furniture, but this tends to flake easily.

4.Additional Measures

Remember to wear all your safety gear and work in a well ventilated space. If you intend to use spray paint and you are working outdoors, make sure that winds are in your favour.

Make sure the paint is completely dried off before you apply the next coat or it may give you a shoddy finish making your antique furniture look like Cheap Garden Furniture.

Now that your furniture is as good as new, you can freely start hosting events and Barbecues for your friends and family to enjoy!

Music lessons in Lone Tree, CO for Children

Music is very important for human in all ages, so it is important to learn music since the young age. Learning music will train your concentration, sensitivity and release the stress. There are many advantages in learning music. If you want to learn music, then music lessons in Lone Tree, CO can be a good choice. This music course is available for all ages. The lessons will be divided based on age such as Music for Little Mozart, this course is aimed for children in the age of 3 and 4 years old.

The children will learn how to play piano; they will learn how to listen. In this piano class, the children are introduced with the concept of music such as singing, movement and listening to music rhythm patterns. Then there is Junior Music Course for the children in the age of 4 and 5 years old. The children will learn how to write a note, reading a note of music, singing and others. This activity will be really fun for children. By learning music, the children also will understand their subject at school better, because the music will train their concentration and release the stress.

For the advanced level is YAMAHA “Keyboard Encounters” for the children in the age of 10 and above. In this class, the children or adult will use their creativity in playing piano. The children will express their feeling through music, so if you as parent are interested to send your children this The Piano Play House. You may call 303.909.8365 for further information or arranging the schedule. The location of this piano class is at The Piano Playhouse 8100 S. Quebec St. Unit B201 Centennial 80112. You may also find the information related with piano class in the official website of The Piano Playhouse. The children will learn the music in a fun and attractive ways since the young age.

Tokina 16-28 Review – Superb Wide Angle Lens For Full Frame And Cropped Sensor Dslr

Tokina has been known to be a maker of the world’s finest lens for SLR and DSLR cameras and this year they have reached another level with this Tokina 16-28 lens. This lens is available for use on Nikon and Canon cameras.

First off, the Tokina 16-28 is cost effective compared to both Canon or Nikon lens in the same league. The Nikon 14-24mm model cost nearly double than that of the 16-28mm. The Canon 16-35mm also follows the same patter here.
Not many other lens exceed the quality of the Tokina 16-28mm. The lens is made for for the Full Frame DSLR user, mainly aimed to compete with both Canon’s and Nikon’s camera lens.

The 16-28mm is also Tokina’s first wide-angle lens produced for the Full Frame DSLR at the time of this writing. They also make a dedicated one called the Tokina 11-16 lens.

Nearly every aspect of photography is encompassed in this lens. Sharpness, contrast, distortion, vignetting, and chromatic aberration are all controlled extraordinarily by the lens, giving the user complete control of photography.
It is also made well, feels solid and professional, as a professional grade lens should feel. This lens will stand extreme weather and environment condition. Many professional photographers who are on assignment will surely benefit from this feature.

Very few downsides exist with the 16-28mm lens. First off, there is no filter, which can be argued to be the greatest flaw of the lens, but even so, users can live without filters.

There is also no image stabilization, which again, is not a huge issue. Because this is a wide angle lens with wide aperture, the lack of an image stabilization feature is not a problem. Lastly, it is heavy, which is contributed to it being well made and feeling solid.

Price is the main factor that should be considered when purchasing this lens, which only cost around half for both the Nikon and the Canon equivalent. You can easily get the same quality as the Nikon or Canon equivalent for just half the cost of this lens.

Overall though, this is a fantastic lens that can be used by any user, and it will satisfy any landscape photographer. Although this is a solidly well made lens, do remember to always take care of your lens.
By doing so, you will get more years out of your lens and will be able to enjoy photography more with it.

Vital Guidelines To Purchase Paintings From San Diego Art Gallery!

In case you are looking forward to check out great art forms then checking out San Diego art gallery can be the best choice.

Prior to purchasing art pieces from San Diego art gallery it is important for you to be cautious. Once you check out the gallery you will find that they will be amazed by the collection. You will understand the worth of these paintings only if you are a real art lover.

After checking out these galleries you will find that there is wide range of beautiful art pieces through renowned artists. At these galleries you will find masterpieces which are rare and majestic. You can find lot of alternatives for paintings to select from.

Guidelines to consider for purchasing from San Diego art gallery:

Know various kinds of paintings

At the time you check out art work available at this gallery you will initially find it appealing. However this does not refer that you purchase it immediately. It is essential for you to pay attention to other factors relevant to the paintings such as originality and type of art form.

Make sure that the painting that you choose is magnificent and rightly suitable for your place. Therefore make it a point that you look at all the paintings and it is only then select the right one for your needs. In case you have any doubts regarding the features of the paintings then you need to ask questions to the artists and know the details.

Choose to go for what you like

At the time of purchasing an art work from San Diego art gallery it is vital that you select the one that rightly matches your preference and style. You need to select the painting that goes along with your personality. With this you will be able to bring home an exclusive piece of art that suits your personality. On the basis of your likes, dislikes, preference and taste you need to select the painting.

Must be suitable to your interiors

Art work that you have selected must rightly go along with the interiors wherein you would like to place the paintings. Hence you need to go for the art piece that suits your interiors. In case you have modern dcor then a contemporary art piece can be the best choice for you. When you take into account the interiors it will be simple for you to get good painting from San Diego art gallery.

These are some of the tips that you need to keep in mind at the time of purchasing painting from San Diego art gallery.

Make Your Pregnancy Days Memorable with Maternity Photography

Maternity photography helps you make your pregnancy days special and memorable. Being a mother is one of the best experiences of a woman’s life. It is the almost like a new birth for herself along with the birth of her newborn child. This makes any woman want to make the moments of her pregnancy as memorable as possible. If you are looking to capture those wonderful times and make them a part of your everlasting memory, then maternity photography Ottawa will help you do just that. Getting yourself photographed during the days of pregnancy is one of the best ways of celebrating your pregnancy and the anticipatory joy of the arrival of your baby. There is an overall feeling of happiness and excitement in the entire family. The couple who is going to be proud parents of the newborn baby are excited the most. It is the beginning of a new phase of life for them and they want to make it special too. Having the photographs of this period taken by a good maternity photographer is the best way to go about this. Besides these pregnancy days, there are many other joyous moments in your life throughout the year that need the services of a good Ottawa family photographer. These occasions may include marriages and many different types of ceremonies related to it, birthday celebrations, family get-togethers and parties, Christmas and other festivities, etc. A skilled photographer can make these occasions more exciting and memorable with impressive photographs. Just like any other skilled profession, photography needs years of practice along with an innate artistic ability to perfect the craft. It also needs technical know-how about the field that is such an integral part of the process. Therefore, it is important to hire an experienced photographer who knows his craft well. It also will save you a lot of trouble, time and money if you try to do it all by yourself leaving you free to enjoy the occasion more fully. A good Ottawa family photographer won’t just take boring photographs of these special occasions. What distinguishes a professional from an amateur is the practiced art that allows them to find interesting angles to a usually ordinary shot. Taking close-ups or angled shots or using other kinds of photography tricks and techniques will add to the attractiveness and appeal of the photographs. For instance, instead of taking ordinary photos of a woman from a distance, an artistically photographed belly-portion of a pregnant woman can add interest and fun aspect to it. If you want your family functions or pregnancy period come alive with vibrant and beautifully shot photos, then it’s time to consider the services of a skilled photographer. You will hardly ever regret the decision. shaun kumar is the author of this article For further detail about baby photography ottawa and maternity photography ottawa please visit the website. Ottawa Family Photography and Maternity Photography Ottawa

How To Buy Awesome Martial Arts Weapons Online And Save Money

The weapons used when training are generally hand-held weapons made of wood or metal. There is a big range of martial arts weapons such as Tonfa, Sai, Nunchaku, Kama, Swords, Bo Staffs, Knives, Escrima and others.

Buying the best M.A. Weapons can be an extremely confusing procedure. There are a lot of sellers, manufacturers and various types of materials to be used in making these weapons. Every specific martial art has a specific weapon choice. It is essential that you pick up your weapons cautiously as they are recommended by your trainer.

So, if you seeking to purchase awesome M.A. Weapons, you may have two choices, either you can visit a number of local stores to get your desired weapons and pay at whatever rate they demand, or another option is that you can go online and surf the various websites specialized in this market, compare the prices, check the reviews of former buyers and pick up a website and order the list of required weapons. You will discover great selection, superb quality and the price which can be very low as compared to the prices on your local stores. Most importantly, for all this, you do not need to wander shop by shop; you can give an order at the comfort of your home.

To purchase the best M.A. Weapons, you can look through online stores which provides various styles and designs of M.A. Weapons. These weapons are made out of best quality material so they are very reliable and durable. You can find Ninja weapons, blowguns, CAS hand forged, Escrima Sticks, Kamas, Knives, Kung Fu weapons, Nunchaku, sais, swords, throwing knives, throwing stars, Tonfa and many others. So, just place an order and get pleasure from quality material weapons from the comfort of your home.

Cartoon Animation

Cartoon animation can make your site appear more exclusive, tremendous and interactive. It is very efficient in the conveyance of the message crossways. Funny animations and Cartoon characters can be exercised for presentations, education or as search helpers.

The design and use of a cartoon character has for all the time been an accepted way to endorse a product or even a whole company.

Benefits —

Cartoon characters can be identified instantly.

Cartoon characters give a boost to brand awareness.

The design of a cartoon character can be easily besieged, as of a particular age group.

By doing the merchandise planning, there is a production of secondary income.

It gives the vast potential for comedy and farce fun.

Although scores of people are not going to mull over the writing for cartoon animation, in its own way it is unquestionably a form. For a cartoon to work you require loads of things– expression, storyline, climax, and a beginning and an ending. Each picture signifies something about a story and every word is characterized by its figure and action.

Not each animated cartoon has to be comprehended in detail. It’s all in relation to simplicity and holding the viewer’s attention. In order to make your animated cartoon work, many strategies can be brought into a play. Many people find familiar faces and figures interesting, they can relate to. In this place, an animal figure works the best.

People wish for the enthusiasm and conflict. They yearn for clash ingredient and look for the scenes mixed with the disagreement. Violence where the characters don’t get wounded makes the story going. Use of bright colors, high action, amazing feats and human qualities are to be required when applying for the cartoon animation.

In cartoon animation, a series of figures, each showing a slightly different stage in motion has to be represented and photographed separately, frame by frame. It is than projected on a screen fast enough to create the false impression of incessant movement. Hence your story is articulated by your figure’s actions and you will finally have your animated cartoon.

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Nail Painting Vending Machines

Until now, Vending Machines were typically used to dispense the food items such as snacks, drinks (like coffee, coca cola etc.), fruits etc. But the modern vending machines are now capable of giving you pleasure of pedicure!

That is true, now you can avail the pedicure service at vending machine. And it is easy! This new generations nail art vending machine works in very simple manner like 1, 2 and 3. There are some pre-defined steps you need to follow to get your nails printed.

Vending Machines are always a matter of research and development and have always paved way for creativity. Vending Machine Business has passed through massive evolution since its origin almost 130 years ago. We have already seen and used vending machines to get snacks, cold drink, coffee, ice cream and even vegetables and fruits and now is the time when vending machine comes to paint your nail! How funny, how sweet and how fast it can serve, can you imagine?

Fast and Fantastic

Vending Machine that paints your nails and gives you pleasure of pedicure. This new nail painting vending machine works in lightning speed. You cant imagine the speed and the way it works for you. If we say it works in a furious speed and in a fantastic way!

How to get it done?

It is so simple that anyone can do it. Below are the steps you need to follow to get your finger nails printed!

1. Apply a base coat on the nail and dry your nails using the built in drier.
2. Insert the coin(s)
3. Select a pattern / design from the design catalogue it has already stored in it
4. Place your finger in the finger holder of the machine
5. Click the print (or something like that) button
6. Once your nails are printed, again use the drier to dry the wet print and then simply coat with top coat.
7. Thats all done!

Isnt it so simple to paint your nail? Its simplest ever!