Mastering The Art Of Calligraphy

Over the recent years, a new creative style has been gaining popularity in the field of visual arts. More and more artists have been trying their hand in the art of “Calligraphy”. But this visual art actually dates back to ancient history where ancestors used this as their style of writing. Today, calligraphy is known as a design and execution of lettering that turn basic words into a creative visual of lines, curves, and strokes.

Not only is calligraphy now a passion for many art lovers but it is also an income opportunity for many. With the right execution calligraphic illustrations are a beauty. This art form can be illustrated on practically anythingproduct packaging, billboards, merchandise, signage, logos, and so much more.

If you love art, then learning calligraphy may come naturally. There are a lot of software that can aid you, there are online video tutorials, and self-study articles to help you get there. Here are a few quick steps to get you started.

Study the art
Like any visual art form, practice makes perfect. There is no degree needed to practice and learn this art. But taking a few formal study courses will definitely help you. Try to get your hands on software tools and even physical equipment like those broad tip pens and brushes and just keep your creativity flowing and practice lettering. In art, there are no boundaries. So just keep doodling, keep scribbling, go online and get inspiration from professional calligraphers, read art magazines, and just have fun with it.

In field of arts much is mastered through self-study and practice. Take the lead from experts, get guidance from professionals and then apply what you’ve learned and keep doing it.

Connect with other artists
Learning from your peers is another great way to improve your calligraphic skills and know-how. Exchange techniques with fellow artists, learn how they do their craft and share how you do yours. Being around people who are passionate about the same stuff as you are will not only inspire you but will also help your creativity flow.

Look up groups and clubs of calligraphers and connect with them. This is another great way to make sure you are updated on the latest styles, techniques, software, and tools on calligraphy. By joining clubs and groups you will also be able to more easily get possible job opportunities and income generating projects.

Set up your portfolio
Now that you’ve gained enough knowledge about calligraphy, and are well acquainted with other artists and calligraphers, it’s time to create your portfolio. A good portfolio of your best work will be your best ticket to landing projects or even a permanent job. Companies will always ask for your work samples and proof of past experiences in the field. So you need to be sure you have a creatively executed collection of your work.

Tips to Choose the Right Scientific Instruments Exporters

Scientists use various different kinds of machines, equipments and devices for doing their experiments. These devices are broadly divided in to physics, biology and chemistry lab devices.

These devices are made by experts that have scientific knowledge. It is not possible for scientists to carry out various genius experiments without using advance technology instruments. These devices are also used for measurement of various chemicals, medicine and many other drugs that are used in experiments. Some of the common measurement devices are barometer and thermometer. The thermometer is available in almost all homes for measurement of body temperature. There is no need of expert for using the thermometer. Various scientific instruments are also used in medical colleges to give foundation level knowledge to medical students. Demand of high quality and advanced scientific devices are increasing day by day all over the world. Selecting right scientific instruments exporters is very essential for successful experiments and technological work. It is always advisable to purchase branded instruments from any well know organizations. You can compare devices of different brands according to their features and price. Accuracy is also one of the vital feature that should have to be consider while choosing laboratory equipments.

Always purchase these medical equipments from the companies which have legitimate authority to manufacture and export these devices. Scientific instruments manufactures past record guide you in right way weather you have to buy these companies product or not. For these you can take assistance from its previous clients and customers. You can also search in the internet for collecting information about the manufacturer and its product. Stability of exporters business guide you in correct way.

Product quality and client satisfaction level are two main point for selecting laboratory instruments exporters. There may be chance that same quality and feature products of different brands vary in price. For this it is always suggestible to talk to many scientific instruments manufactures before making deal with one of them. The companies that provide warranty period are reliable. These companies replace the device if it has some type of problems. However always collect manual documents that are sign by authorized person in the organizations. In these documents all information about branded products such as features, quality and warranty information is available. Read these documents carefully before making deal with the company. The time duration that company need to deliver their equipments also plays significant role in deciding weather you want to purchase these equipments from them or not. Lastly your budget matters a lot in your final decision.

Naugra Export is a right scientific instruments exporters & manufacturer company in India, offers high quality scientific instrument products at responsible price.

How to use Laparoscopic Surgical Instruments Safely

Putting the Trocar in its correct spot is one of the most important procedures of laparoscopic surgery for your medical instrument. Many serious problems have been reported as a result of incorrect placement of laparoscopic instruments. You should be 100% positive that you are place the trocar in its correct spot.

Their is so many different types of trocars on the marketplace, some of the most easiest to use are the trocars with the safety mechanisms with robust blades. Basic handling is pretty much the same for all trocars, it is important to understand the different functions of the different types.

Approaching laparoscopy, pay attention to the area through a laparoscope inserted through another trocar while pressing the area to confirm that the space can be safely entered. Make sure the patient is free from abdominal wall vessels, darkened the room and view the area under transmitted light. Place the trocar right next to the abdominal wall. Stretch your finger along the length of the trocar while using your other hand to provide support and prevent accidentally going in to deep. Work the trocar turning and twisting it, Try to do this by maintaining even and force when the tip of the trocar passes through the wall. Do not press to hard with your surgery equipment. Hard pressure may shrink the internal space, increasing the risk of hitting an organ and causing damage. When the tip of the trocar is inside the space try and swing it into a direction of open space and push further to avoid unnecessary injury. Locking the safety mechanism will help reduce risk. Some trocars do not have a lock mechanism on the safety. Make sure your really careful when inserting this device. Ideally you may want to use what’s called a malacar trocar. It has a self-securing lock you can use during the procedure.

This “Medical Instrument” article is by Matt S.

Male Fitness Models

Protein is and always will be the tool to help male fitness models achieve the perfect modeling body. It is a must for any body to survive, but a crucial element to a male model. If you don’t know much about the amount of protein found in different meats, here’s a rough guide to get you started.

This is by no means a comprehensive reference report but rather a general overview of the main meats that supply the large protein amounts that you will desperately need.

Let’s take a look at the most popular types of meat to see how much protein they contain.

Chicken

As you tear apart at your chicken, let’s see how much protein is in the individual pieces. A chicken breast has about 30 grams of protein, a drumstick about 10 grams, a wing 6 grams and a thigh 10 grams. These are all approximate values for an average sized piece.

Beef

An average hamburger has 28 grams of protein, and most other beef, including steaks, has 7 grams in every ounce.

Pork

A 4-oz piece of tenderloin will provide 22 grams of protein, a pork chop 22 grams and 3 ounces of ham will supply 19 grams.

Fish

A small can of tuna provides a lot of protein when compared to the amounts listed above. One small can supplies 40 ounces of protein. Other types of fish provide about 6 grams of protein per ounce.

Many health advocates are advising people to limit the amount of red meat consumed and advise choosing white meat and fish. This makes a lot of sense when you consider what your grandmother has told you about fish. “Eat it at least once a week!”

Concerning protein from other sources, that is a whole other kettle of fish, so to speak. There is a lot of controversy concerning the whole protein from meat issue and most male fitness models do consume meat. It is hard to build a body that is ripe for modeling being a vegetarian. Notice that I said “hard” not “impossible”.

If you are a practicing vegetarian and would like to become a male model you’ll have to do some research on the topic. You’ll need to see for yourself what your food choice options are and how much you’ll need to consume to adequately replace the protein found in meat.

This is just a brief guide and has touched upon the subject of meat protein to give you an idea of the amounts found in various cuts of meat. If you are serious about becoming one of the male fitness models that you see in magazines, you’ll have to learn everything you can about nutrition. Achieving a male super model body isn’t just all about working out!

Advanced Photography Tips 31 Advanced Photography Tips To Help You Advance In Photography

Want to advance in photography? Here’s a list of 31 awesome tips that every photographer (especially if you are beginning) must learn to use in the respective situations. Photography in the initial stage can be learned through photography tips. But as the time passes by and you gain experience, you can actually falsify or criticize the facts you learned in the preliminary stage. This is so because, photography is not governed by any rules and laws but by your own creative vision. However the experience of others comes in handy. Here’s a collection of tips and tricks you can use to get to an advanced level in photography.

6 Tips For Photographing Sunsets: Photographing sunset is the common desire of all the photographers. But what sets the sunset apart for the rest of the sunsets. It is more a matter of being there at the right place at right time to fill the frame with the glory of setting sun – to capture hues and saturation, shades and tones, drama of clouds and charisma of your subject (the sun).

9 Tips On Shooting Against The Sun: Photographing against the sun is a challenging task. The result/subject appears dark due to the dominance of sunlight. Here are few points you should bear in mind while shooting in sun.

6 Tips For Blurring The Background: Blurred backgrounds compliment the subject aesthetically. It helps in focusing and separating the subject from its surroundings and is an efficient technique for eliminating the background clutter.
Essential Tips On Wedding Photography: Looking forward to photograph your friends wedding ceremony and reception? Here are some essential tips to guide you for getting some excellent shits as a starter.

10 Tips on How To Shoot Professional Portraits: Portrait photography is the most common form of photography. Be it a newbie or the professional all strive for framing the personality and character of an individual on the photographic frame.

18 Tips For Night Photography: Shooting during the night can be very challenging because of the limitations that the light poses. Here are some tips to help you take some excellent, colorful and beautiful shots during the night.

Tips On Auto Level Post processing: Here’s how to re-touch and give finishing touches to your images. Open your photographs in the image editor of your choice and make subtle changes to give a professional touch to your photographs.

Panning Photography: Panning works best for sports and motion photography or when you want to depict a motion or movement in your subject while keeping the subject sharp and focused.
Travel Photography: Going out on a holiday? Don’t forget to take your camera. Make the most of the opportunity – photograph the beautiful and mesmerizing scenery, self-posed portraits & roadside activities, vehicles, street lights…

7 Surefire Tips On Capturing Expressions: Human expressions speak up loud and clear. The gazing eyes and the smiling face ultimately draws the viewers attention and makes the photographs lively. Here is your chance to learn how to capture the expressions to make a mark with portrait photography.

8 Thumb Rules That Save You In The Most Tricky Situations: Photography is the art of mastering the appropriate technique. How about learning some rules which come in handy for the most tricky situations.

How To Make An Impression With Your Photographs: Photography is an art and an interplay of imagination and creativity where making a mark with your photographs is just a few tips away.

How To Take Great Photographs: What makes a photograph great? Is it the camera, the composition or your imagination which makes the difference.
How To Photograph Moon: How about photographing the silent companion of nature at night – the moon? Here are some simple tips to beautifully capture the beauty of moon at night.

Tips On Capturing Splash: Splash photography is challenging, yet a lot of fun. Photographing the splash opens up the opportunity of getting some unusual and unique shapes and forms of water droplets. So, what are you waiting for? Get ready to learn how to shoot a splash scene in 3 simple steps.

Become A Professional Photographer [10 Tips]: Learning to see what your camera sees is a good start for building a strong foundation for advanced stages of photography. So, what do you need for becoming a professional photographer?

How To Photograph Fireworks: Photographing the source of light is tricky and challenging. It bluffs the camera metering and tends to produce un-wanted results. Similar is the case with photographing fireworks. Here are some tips which will help you capture the overlaying and contrasting colors of firework explosions.
Candid Portrait Photography Tips: Candid photography is the essence of natural, unposed simple photographs. Here are a few tips for you to make the best of candid portraiture.
10 tips On Photography Compositions Using Patterns: Patterns compliment the composition indispensably. Here are 10 tips on how to use patterns for engaging the viewer in your photographs.

10 Tips For Shooting Group Photographs: The moment when the entire group of family members, friends or colleagues is together, is the best time to capture the incidents and events to cherish them for time to come. And this is where the group photography tips come in handy for making some of the best shots.

Tips To Improve The Background: Backgrounds play an important role in complementing the subject. Including the backgrounds tells the story and adds context to your subject. Are you neglecting the backgrounds?

Quick Tips On Macro Photography: Macro photography brings out the finest details of the subject which are usually not perceived by the human eye. Here are a few quick tips to help you photograph macro subjects.

Essential Tips On How To Shoot Landscape: Are you passionate about capturing the beauty of nature and the natural scenes all around you? Here are some tips to help you make great landscape photographs.

11 Tips – How To Capture Pets & Children: Photographing pets and children requires you to act spontaneously. You can neither direct them nor can you pose them for getting some beautiful pictures. But you can of course try out some tips described here to frame the notorious activities of kids and pets.

8 Easy Steps To Master Action Photography: Ever thought of photographing a dancer, a gymnast or a player while they are performing? Tune your camera to specified settings and you can get the finest results from photographing action, activities, motion and movement.

Essential Tips On Black & White Photography: Black and white photographs are classy and timeless. The black and white photographs hold the viewers attention and makes one nostalgic. Find out how to engage the viewers in the monochromatic world of blacks and whites.

Tips On How To Make The Composition Lively: Composition is an indispensable element in photography, it can either make the photograph or break the photograph. Here is your chance to enhance the composition by following some tips on making the composition lively.

How To Take Care Of Lens: Good lens is one of the factors behind better image quality. An expensive camera without a clean lens cannot render good results. Lens maintenance, thus becomes a primary issue with all the DSLR owners. Here are some simple and useful tips for taking care of your priced possession.

6 Tips For Creating Bokeh Effect: Bokeh compliments the subject aesthetically and induces the dreamy effect in your captures. Find out more about bokeh and how to create the bokeh effect here.

Tips On Using Natural Framing In Photos: Natural framing is a composition technique of drawing the viewers attention to the center of interest in the photograph. Here are some tips for using natural frames in your photographs.

11 Essential Tips On Getting Razor Sharp Photos: Are you worried about getting sharp results? Here are 11 tips to help you get razor-sharp images.

Wedding Photography In Surrey Has Rich Options For You

Take a scenario where you have arranged an amazing overall look for your wedding venue. The venue has amazing views and locations and the service staff is efficiently engaged in taking care of your guests. You have planned your wedding to give it an out of the world atmosphere. In short everything is just perfect. And unfortunately you hired a sub-standard photographer for clicks. Guess what happens next?? After the event you are made to repent all your life for not making a right decision.

The story above has many such examples in real life and couples regret for not making right decision to hire expert photographer for their wedding. They will realize the importance hiring a capable photographer only later. Nobody will ever want in their life to fall prey to such ruing scenario. It is not advised here to hire a photographer to spend a fortune on photography. It is just advised to hire a photographer who is experienced enough to get you best shot for your wedding photographs. Talented and well experienced photographers dont come cheap. Just make a right decision, get help from your friends and family on selecting from available wedding photography in Surrey and make your wedding most special.

Some people opt to get their wedding photos shot by their friends and family members. This is a messy decision. The work of photography is no less than any art. It requires lots of expertise, experience and a good knowledge to click right photographs to be cherished lifelong. Only an expert in photographer will help you to click the right photographs. An expert wedding photographer will also have various wedding rituals and customs so he will right pictures for you in right time. You have wide range option available for wedding photography in Surrey.

Wedding photography in Surrey is a fast growing business. There are many options available for you to make your day special by capturing your special wedding moments in camera. From these wide ranges of photographers selecting one that is ideal for your needs is a little difficult. Their quality of work varies significantly. This becomes so very important to consider one choice for wedding photographers carefully. You look for photographers who have good experience in past of shooting for such occasions. They will also be experienced with photo shoots outdoors at various locations. It is a crucial decision to make choice for your wedding photographer so be smart while you choose one.

What You Can Expect To Find In A Nail Art Kit

A nail art kit and nail accessories are what nail artists will need if they want to create artistic designs on their clients nails. In recent years nail art has become increasingly popular and with many celebrities sporting some wonderful nail art designs the craze has really taken off. Many professional nail studios now offer nail art and they will have an extensive nail art kit and many nail accessories to create virtually any design imaginable. Some people will be skilled enough to learn how to decorate their own nails and there are retailers who sell a great selection of nail art kit and nail accessories for both home and commercial use. There are many different nail tools and nail accessories that people can use along with their nail art kit to create the most creative nails imaginable. Some people will like to keep the main colour of their nails plain then decorate over the colour with gems and embellishments from their nail art kit.
Different nail art kit products will contain different items to embellish nails with. In order to stick these products onto nails nail accessories such as tweezers and nail glue will need to be used. Nail art kit products tend to sold in wheel style containers that have a number of compartments to hold different decorations. A typical nail art kit will contain rhinestones, sequins and gems in various colours, shapes and sizes along with nail art glue to secure them in place. The cost of a nail art kit will depend on the quality and quantity of gems that are in the particular kit. There are many different nail accessories to help people create stunning nail art designs.
The range of nail accessories includes nail files and cuticle oil pens, nail art tools, brushes, tweezers and dangles and nail art kit display products so nail artists can show off their designs on false nails to customers to help then choose a design they would like. As well as the items that come in a nail art kit most nail artists will add to their nail art kit with other nail accessories like glitter, fimo, shells, gems, micro beads, stickers and tapes and nail varnishes.

Watch The Sizzling Prince Royce Concert Prince Royce Tickets

Prince Royce is named among the top young solo artist who has attained accomplishment in a very short time. Prince Royce is one of those stars who have dared to introduce bachata worldwide he got an unparallel success in it. Recently in 2010 he has released his remarkable album which gave hit songs titled Corazon Sin Cara and Stand by Me and got #1 position on U.S Billboard Tropical Songs Chart whereas Corazon Sin Cara attained No 1 position on the US Hot Latin Songs Chart. Prince Royce received three awards from this brilliant album including Tropical Male Artist of the Year. In2011 he is voted for 6 awards but honored with further 3 awards including Tropical Album of the Year for Prince Royce. This heart touching young star has not clogged the path of brilliant success and in these days he is working on his 1st Atlantic album and his 1st solo album expected to be release in 2012. Prince Royce Tour Dates is starting in this 11th and 12th November to delight your hearts. Surly these shows will provide you comfort and satisfaction.
Prince Royce was born on 11th May 1989 in New York, actual name is Geoffrey Royce Rojas, he is an American song-writer, singer and record producer. In his early teen age he took interest in poetry and music and now his poetry has been converted into his songs. He is the 2nd kid out of four children, his father was a taxi driver and mother worked in a beauty salon. He developed his interest in music during his elementary school by performing in different musical groups. Prince has done a brilliant work on bachata music, he was 1st launched by producer Sergio George. Royce started his show in a stunning style along with numerous performers including Daddy Yankee and 1200 dancers on the song Come With Me. Royce is nominated as one of the unmatched successful persons who has got such a fabulous popularity in Latin music. His solo song titled Stand By Me attained sixth position on Billboard of Latin Radio and Royce was nominated for Grammy Awards on behalf of this album. His future album which he is planning to release in 2012 is expected to be a special one will be in English with Latin music power. Royce is a triple threat talented person as he has god gifted qualities of a singer, composer and actor.
This teen aged bachata performer has recently completed his tour at his birthplace U.S and now again planning a tour with Enrique Iglesias from the mid of this September. Prince Royce Concerts always rocks on the stage and performs heart touching performance Im sure that this young boy will delight your heart and soul. So dont waste your time and buy Prince Royce Tickets.

Olympus E-620 12.3mp Dslr Twin Lens Kit A Compact Pack For Magical Moments!

Cameras have become indispensable for everyone in this modern world. According to me a good camera must be easy to handle and provide quality images. I really wanted a camera to carry with me on my trip. The day I was going to borrow it from my friend, I got a surprise gift from my father. The gift thrilled me a lot because it was a new Olympus E-620 12.3MP DSLR Twin lens Kit form BIGshop.

The Olympus E-620 Digital Camera had some really amazing features, which helped me capture unimaginable shots from far and wide angles. The kit had Zuiko twin lens with focal length 14-42mm & 40-150-2. The 12.3 megapixel sensor option allowed me to click sharp quality pictures even under bright lighting conditions. The Olympus E-620 Digital Camera also had a dual axis 2.7-inch HyperCrystal III LCD option making the cameras menu easy to view.

Since the camera had a 270-degree swivel option that freely rotates to focus on different angles I was able to shoot pictures in any angle I wanted. I viewed the surrounding live on LCD, which was a very pleasant experience. The compact size and light 18.9-ounce body of the Olympus E-620 12.3MP DSLR Twin lens Kit camera made it easy for me to carry it everywhere I went.

I clicked many pictures in the dark and during the misty mornings and was pleased at the end not to find any blurred images. The pictures were very clear as the Olympus E-620 Digital Camera had the in-body Image stabilization that automatically adjusted with body moves and camera shakes. The Olympus E-620 12.3MP DSLR Twin Lens Kit was really an amazing gift that fulfilled my desire of shooting memorable pictures and videos. When I checked the online store BIGshop I found that they also offer camera accessories online, where there was an impressive lineup of folder straps, lenses, batteries, and more.

Piano Skills – How To Learn The Keys On A Piano

Is learning the keys on a piano difficult? Contrary to what most beginners think, not at all. It’s all very logical and there is really not that much to learn. Everything is nicely organized in a repeating pattern and all you have to do in order to find any note on your keyboard is to learn this pattern.

Okay, let’s begin. If you take a look at your keyboard, you will see a bunch of white and black keys (88 on a grand piano, less on electric ones). But they are not just scattered around, they are nicely organized. There is a pattern to it and this is what we are interested in.

You probably see how black keys are organized. There are in groups of two and three. And this pattern is repeating over and over. This is what we were looking for – a 12 note pattern. Five black (one group of two and one group of three) and seven white keys called naturals. All together there are only seven natural notes that you have to remember: A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. These notes are on the white keys. C note is always located left of the first of the two black keys. Once you know this, it’s easy to find other notes, just follow the alphabet. Next to C is D, then E, then F, then G, then A, and so on.

The black keys are either sharps or flats, depending on how you look at them. If you go up from the natural note, it’s sharp. If you go down, it’s flat. The black key between C and D can be C-sharp or D-flat. Just remember that black keys have two names and that sharps go up and flats go down.

And that’s about it. For a graphical representation, take a look at piano keyboard diagram. Now that you are familiar with the keyboard layout, what about chords. Learn how to read piano chords.

Learn How To Succeed With The Most Difficult Task In Jewelry Photography

In the field of commercial photography, be it in motion or static, every category presents a challenge of its own. With jewelry photography, an object of highly reflective surface (HRS), the challenge is amplified due to its relatively small size captured mostly in close-up environment with shallow depth of field, surface complexity (specular), and limited ways of lighting due to space restriction between the lens and the object. Jewelry photography demands knowledge and experience to overcome the compounded difficulty of controlling reflections and limited depth-of-field (perceived sharpness) in close-up jewelry photography.

In addition to the problems mentioned above, the success of reproducing and obtaining a high quality digital image of jewelry will depend on the equipment used in the reproduction process. There are basically three types of camera systems one can employ:

a. Digital SLRs like Canon, Nikon, Olympus, Sigma with good sensor resolution (6-14 MP)

b. Medium format cameras like Hassleblad, Rollei or Mamiya with a larger sensor digital back (11-39 MP)

c. Large format view cameras like Sinar or Toyo with live video studio solution (11-39 MP)

The purpose of this article is to discuss some of the principal challenges posed by the complexities of reflective surface reproduction, particularly in digital close-up photography. Below I will present some solution to these challenges from the lessons learned and experienced in my daily practice and from my own research as to what is the best, fastest, and simplest solution to an otherwise complex assignment of jewelry photography.

Jewelry surface (HRS)
The most difficult task of all HRS digital captures is jewelry. In essence all jewelry objects are built with reflective qualities of various degrees and can be compared to mirrors. Mirrors are objects with good specular or diffused reflection; that is, image forming qualities. Imagine pointing your lens towards a mirror at a close distance. What will you see? Exactly, yourself holding a camera and your surrounding area. Jewelry objects in essence embody three kinds of mirrors: flat, convex and concave determined at random by the jewelrys very shape. Curved mirrors magnify or shrink images therefore distort the reflected image. Most jewelry objects typify spherical mirrors structured in an interesting relationship of concave and convex surfaces.

Solutions:
Understanding the basic reflective properties of mirrors can be helpful in solving some basic problems related to jewelry photography because of their common reflective properties.

a. Jewelry reflection has no physical existence. Conceal the camera or choose a shooting angle for the jewelry to reflect a controlled surface such as a white board or soft box.

b. The location of the camera/lens matters in terms of how and what will the jewelry reflect. Use longer lenses to extend the working space between object and lens.

c. When light strikes the jewelry surface the angle of reflection equals the angle of in incidence. Place your light source indirectly to the angle of reflectance.

d. The reflection on the jewelry is half the size of the reflected image – the jewelry is always halfway between the reflected image and the reflection. Creating and placing the jewelry inside a large soft tent enables the application of various light sources to minimize and control unwanted reflections.

e. If the jewelry surface is flat and perfectly shiny, specular reflection will result. If the surface is rough, diffused or distorted reflection will result (bending) Place the jewelry in a light zone of several loosely arranged large white panels, and by modifying their position relevant to the object will enable the control of light source there by controlling unwanted reflection.

Overall Sharpness:
A narrow depth-of-field (DOF) can create spectacular effects when photographing insects, flowers, etc., but in jewelry photography if the entire image does not appear in full focus, the image becomes an unusable one. Unusable in the sense that some parts of a ring or bracelet needed to provide useful data for the purpose of presentation will be unacceptably less sharp than other parts. For example, the front part of a bracelet (focal plane of the lens) is in sharp focus; but as we move towards the back region the loss of sharpness becomes unacceptable (blurred). DOF and image sharpness changes with sensor size. Smaller digital sensors obtain maximum sharpness at wider apertures (f:8-f:11) while larger ones at (f:11-f:22). Capturing small objects like jewelry via close-up photography presents a problem since only a very narrow portion of the object relative to the focal plane will be acceptably in focus. One way to extend depth of field would be to take images using a narrow lens aperture. This solution has a serious disadvantage. Small apertures bring more light diffraction, degrading the image resolution. This is one reason why many consumer digital cameras (with very small sensors) won’t let you stop down past f:8, while studio solution sensors are often stopped down to f:32 and beyond.

Solution:
The application of double exposure solution or photo stitching in jewelry photography partially solves the limitations of shallow depth-of-field. The technique known as “focus stacking” is another. Using double exposure when limited depth-of-field is available is a powerful technique to help photograph and present jewelry.

Depth-of-field determines what part of the jewelry has the sharpest focus and its amount. Unfortunately, at larger apertures depth of field limits attention to a particular focal points i.e. the top of a ring, while minimizing details at the shank. A greater depth-of-field would presents all the elements of a ring sharp at once, relatively equally. Depth-of-field is determined by the following: lens aperture (-stop), lens focal length and your distance from the focal point. In jewelry photography, of these three the aperture has the most influence and the least modifiable. Therefore to increase depth-of-field and achieve total sharpness over the entire image, move farther away from the jewelry by using a longer lens.

1. Capture two images, first focus slightly below the ring top, then a second focused lower at the center.

2. Bring both images into two separate layers in Photoshop to combine the two into one sharp image.

There are of course other solutions such as the Helicon Focus. This program is designed to manage the shallow depth-of-field problem in close-up imaging. It also aligns the images that change their size and position from shot to shot. This function is especially important with closeup jewelry photography.

However, the most pragmatic answer to the depth-of-field challenge is the large format studio camera. These cameras such as Arca Swiss, Linhof, Sinar, Fuji, Calumet or Toyo have expandable bellows, tilt and swing capabilities, and are allowing the capture of high-quality images with extended depth-of-field beyond the optical limitations of the lens.